Do you water discount your cold process recipes? By Zoe Ruffne r. September 8, 2020 . lye. February 8, 2015 Filed Under: Tips & Tricks. Find a list of SAP values in this post Beginner's Guide to Common Soap Making Oils. Soaps high (50%+) in olive oil need longer to cure and unmold. Some soapers prefer to not use the water amount given by lye calculators at all! See a beautiful example of this in. The more extra oil you have in your soap, the softer it will be. Just be prepared to move quickly. The pH scale measures how acidic or basic a substance is. I've heard much about this idea from around the soap-making boards, and had to give it a try. If you’re looking for more information, the All About the Trace post is full of tips and photo examples of thin vs. thick trace. Setting the amount in Soapcalc is all you have to do. My recipe is 5% superfat, that means this is a beauty bar that will moisturize your … View. Give it a try and see if you like it. I classify this as a soft/hard oil because it makes a very soft bar of soap initially upon unmolding but cures into a rock hard bar. A 15% water discount prevented the recipe from containing too much water. Use at least 40% hard oils in your recipe. Water discounting can make it more difficult to work with accelerating fragrance oils. It’s a little tricky to fix. Homemade Liquid Laundry Detergent Recipe. High in lioleic acid, omega 6 fatty acids, and antioxidants. batches, had no water discounting and used a 5% superfat. demonstration of this is shown in The Ghost Swirl by Clara of Auntie Clara’s Handcrafted Cosmetics. After years of soaping, I have developed a few go-to recipes that produce consistent results. The higher the superfat, the more “free-floating” oils in the soap. This can often be referred to as "emollient" qualities. Adding more fragrance than recommended could lead to a soft bar. It depends so much on personal preference, and I’m interested to know what works for you, and what doesn’t. Learn more about water discounting soap here. Your browser's Javascript functionality is turned off. It’s tricky to know for sure just how much of the puree is comprised of water, so it’s a bit of a guessing game. This will create a 20% superfat. (6 PACK) - Oliva - Olive Oil Soap | 125g | 6 PACK BUNDLE by Oliva. In general, cold process soap made in silicone and plastic molds takes longer to harden and umold. Thoughts on this recipe and thoughts on your own? Olive oil soaps are slow to trace. We almost always superfat our recipes at 5% because it adds luxury to the soap without making it too soft or inhibiting lather. In the Pumpkin Spice Swirl Soap, pumpkin puree is added which gives the recipe extra water. The calculator will give the amount of fragrance oil that’s safe for skin. This also applies to adding other liquid additives like milk or purees to your recipe. I went with a 15% water discount, which gave me a ratio of about 1 part lye to 2.1 parts water. Now this difference is due to different saponification values (SAP) of both oils. This Coconut Oil and Annatto Soap is superfatted at 20%. Then, select a superfat of “None.” Click the “Next” button. Personally, I use a superfat of 5% in most of my cold process recipes. Other lye/soap calculators may give a slightly higher or lower amount. Using less water also results in a shorter curing and drying time, as there is less water to evaporate from the soap. Read more about her water calculation here. Usually, colorants are dispersed at a rate of 1 teaspoon colorant to 1 tablespoon lightweight liquid oil. ), the quicker the soap will harden. Then, it needs to cure for 4-6 weeks to allow excess water to evaporate. We almost always superfat our recipes at 5% because it adds luxury to the soap without making it too soft or inhibiting lather. Soap for Super Dry Skin! This is a good starting point that you can increase once you get the feel for how your recipe behaves with a more lye concentrated solution. Technically, there is not an “absolutely correct” amount of water to use in your soap recipe. People ask us about superfatting all the time. Paperback CDN$ 9.28 CDN$ 9. This equals 2.992, which I rounded to an even 3 ounces for ease of weighing. My standard soap is a 5% superfat: Olive oil : 50%. The important part of determining how much water to use in your recipe depends on the ratio of lye to water you prefer. We soaped at … The amount given by the calculator won’t lead to a soft bar of soap. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Cocoa Butter (10%) The types of oils used in the soap can have a different impact on your skin. This means 1–7% of oils in the recipe are “free-floating” in the bar and were not turned into soap. Generally, I don’t water discount more than 15% unless I’m in a huge hurry to unmold. Click “Next.” The lye calculator gave me the recipe below. This Superfat! To keep these bars natural, I infused the coconut oil with annatto seeds for a bright orange color. To reduce the lye by 20%, multiply the 3.74 ounces of lye by 0.8 (because we want 80% of the lye). A high superfat of 20% combats the super-cleansing properties of soap made with only coconut oil. This is because the lye solution is more concentrated, which speeds along the emulsification process. In addition, water discounting affects the temperature at which soap goes through gel phase. olive oil) x (.134) = 1.34 oz. You can also simplify that – for a one pound batch of soap, a 5% superfat works out roughly to 0.8 oz. Extra oil creates a more gentle bar, but it can also make the bar softer. The lye to water ratio of the lye solution is roughly 1 part lye to 2.3 parts water. A great example of water discounting a recipe to account for water-filled additives is the Pumpkin Spice Swirl Cold Process Soap. That’s where the Fragrance Calculator comes in! Then, select ounces or grams (whichever you prefer working with). As you can see below, the water amount stays the same. One has a superfat of 5% (shown on the right) and the other has a superfat of 0% (shown on the left). However, if I would add 50g of olive oil as superfat (instead of coconut oil), I would finish with 5% superfatted soap! This is because in order to create a superfat, you use less lye in the recipe. Reduced water in the recipe cuts down on the 4-6 week cure time of cold process soap. Superfat! 8.5 oz. It is possible to water discount too much. The more hard oils the recipe contains (such as palm, coconut, cocoa butter, beeswax, etc. The inedible olive oil is used in soap manufacturing; this soap is mainly produced with artisan system, because 100% olive oil soap is difficult to be extruded by means of industrials soap machines. But if the soap is 60% hard oils, it could be ready to unmold the next day. We tested 10 olive oils total, including our own Pure Olive Oil and Pomace Olive Oil. Please turn it on so that you can experience the full capabilities of this site. From creating lip balm to cold process soap, it’s fantastic for a variety of crafty beauty projects. Just keep in mind the more you water discount your recipe, the faster your soap will accelerate. You can trace faster if you soap at a higher temp rather than letting everything cool before mixing. If you have decided that you’d like to water discount your soap recipe, there are a few ways to go about it. If you superfat with high percentages you are left with high amounts of unsaponified oils in your soap. But, some soaping rules are meant to be broken! 11.2 oz. Palm Oil Palm oil helps harden the bars and create lather when combined with coconut oil. soap is loaded with skin conditioning ingredients including Aloe Vera Powder, Silk Powder, Colloidal Oatmeal and White Kaolin Clay. The Bramble Berry Lye Calculator produces lye and water mixtures with a ratio of roughly 1 part lye to 2.4 parts water. Let’s take a look at the recipe below from the Creamy Orange Cold Process Tutorial: 13.6 oz. One of which includes using something you may already have in your fridge…red cabbage! Learn more about water discounting soap here, Click here to learn more about sodium lactate, 100% Coconut Oil Soap with Aloe Vera and Mantra Swirl, Water Discounting Cold Process Soap: How & Why. I generally recommend water discounting for more advanced soapers who are prepared to work with a faster moving trace. So, when should you water discount your soap? These go-to recipes were the inspiration for Bramble Berry’s Quick Mixes. Colorants and fragrance oils are the most common “additives” and they can make soap soft if too much is added. In this case, I used 21 ounces. Soap with a higher superfat has a less concentrated lye mixture than soap with a lower superfat. Adding too much extra oil (like with dispersed colorants) can lead to a soft bar of soap. The terms “superfat” and “lye discount” can be used interchangeably. Having 20 percent extra oil in the soap mitigates the "drying" effect, resulting in a bar that's really mild. 4.8 oz. These include coconut oil, palm oil, cocoa butter, etc. The recipe you have up is fine - i don't think you need a 5% superfat, but its all personal preference. This means there is equal parts lye and water in the mixture, or 50/50. How long do you usually wait to unmold your soap? In cold process soap, the oil can be used up to 33%. As the soap cures, some of the water evaporates and makes a harder, longer-lasting bar of soap. Learn more about how to avoid glycerin rivers here. (hi coconut oil, more than 30%, can be drying… But a higher super fat, higher than normally recommended, can help to combat that) People with sensitive skin tend to prefer high percentage of olive oil, as well as soaps … All you have to do is select the percentage you want and it will calculate for you. Copyright © 1999-2019 Bramble Berry ® Inc. All Rights Reserved. Water discounting can accelerate trace, which can result in very thick soap batter. Feel free to share, tweet and pin to your hearts content. Water is roughly 22% of the total recipe (oils + lye + water) when calculated with the  Bramble Berry Lye Calculator. The amount of lye will stay the same. Check out my tips below. If you calculate your recipe to have a 7% superfat and add lots of dispersed color for example, you may end up with a soft bar. It is true that superfat can be used to increase the mildness of some types of soap that would otherwise be too harsh on the skin. Less water can prevent glycerin rivers from occurring. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. A fantastic (and beautiful!) While coconut oil is extremely hydrating when applied directly to skin, when combined with sodium hydroxide, it adds cleansing properties to cold process soap. An average superfat is usually between 1–7%. You can also use the following equation: (1 – % superfat you want). Soap making is a science at heart. This is equivalent to roughly 30% lye and 70% water. This video may help. Experimenting with a few different superfats is the best way to find the amount you love. Still a little confused? 2 oz. Curing creates a firmer bar that lasts longer in the shower. The terms “superfat” and “lye discount” can be used interchangeably. If you’re unfamiliar with how the saponification process works, click here to learn more about the balance of lye and oils. I do not recommend this ratio of water to lye. For example, Amanda of Lovin’ Soap Studio prefers to double the amount of lye in her recipe to get the water amount. Kostenlose Lieferung ab 20 EUR f r Drogerie & Körperpflege-Produkte direkt von Amazon.de. lye) x (1 – .04) = 1.29 oz. You may be thinking, “If there are so many great reasons to water discount, why don’t soapers do it all the time?” Some soapers do choose to water discount with every recipe. Generally, the soap will be able to be removed from the mold faster. If try to add 5g of coconut oil to soap made from 95g of olive oil, you are basically adding 500 fatty acids to 50*95 = 4750 fatty acids. Making cold process soap successfully requires precise measurements of lye and oil. Ninety percent of 11.2 is 10.08 (11.2 x .9 = 10.08). Using the exact amount of lye you need to make the exact amount of soap with nothing leftover is a 0% superfat or lye discount. Water discounting helps the soap release from the mold faster. DOS may appear in various sizes and places on the soap. Two to three days in the mold is average. This example is technically not a water discount; when you use a higher superfat in your recipe you are actually calculating a lye discount! Soap with dreaded orange spots is safe to use, but it is a cosmetic issue and may develop an unpleasant odor. it makes a wonderful cleansing, hard bar with great bubbles. I would also recommend keeping your design fairly simple just in case! A pH level of 7 is considered neutral. If you'd like to use an image, please be a friend and credit the photo and link back to Soap Queen. Sodium Hydroxide Lye A ${ soapType } soap by jeffrey 1 Favorites ... KOH (0% Superfat + 10% Excess Lye) Boric Acid Borax Mixture ${ (lyeWaterOilWeight * 0.046875 * boric.properties.concentrations[boric.type]) | formatNumber } ${ unit.alias } Borax (33% of Solution) Boric Acid (20% of Solution) ${ (lyeWaterOilWeight * 0.046875 * (1 - … For example, if the soap is made with 100% olive oil, it may take up to two weeks to unmold. Coconut Oil (25%) If your soap accelerates, it can make some complicated soap designs like swirls difficult to execute. Grapeseed Oil. Water discounting has several benefits including decreasing the chance of glycerin rivers and creating a bar that unmolds faster. If you’re looking for more 100% coconut oil recipes, check out this 100% Coconut Oil Soap with Aloe Vera and Mantra Swirl by Kenna of Modern Soapmaking. The bad news about soap that’s too soft? [Read more…], November 3, 2014 Filed Under: Tips & Tricks. If your recipe contains a large amount of hard oils or an accelerating fragrance oil, you may want to avoid water discounts. Lard: Hard: Mild stabilizing creamy lather, hard, white bar: 25-50%: 100% lard soap with no superfat makes great laundry soap. Oliva Water and lye are crucial components of cold process soap. It’s optional, but I use it in 99.9% of my recipes. Soap might be soft if too much liquid is used. Since ancient Greece, people have used olive oil, the fatty liquid extracted from olives, as a kind of body wash or shampoo. At this ratio, the lye is still able to dissolve, but will be very concentrated and somewhat difficult to work with. If too much lye is used the soap will be lye heavy, which can irritate or even burn the skin. All this waiting can be the hardest part of cold process soapmaking! Olive Oil This rich oil gives a thick lather and a very hard bar of soap, after a long curing period. It also produces a bar that hardens faster. These Olive Oil were small sizes, purchased off of retail store shelves at a local grocery store and a chain grocery store (generally, 8 to 16 ounce sizes; the smallest each brand had to offer). A formula based on precious olive oil for skin, remarkably moisturizing the skin. Water discounting your recipe can help prevent soda ash. Oil that’s not turned into soap by the sodium hydroxide lye is called the “superfat.” An average superfat is anywhere from about 1-7%. October 18, 2015 Filed Under: Tips & Tricks. Too much extra liquid (milk, purees, etc.) Or, the mixture is now 32% lye and 67% water. I have found 5% to be a good balance between firmness, and a skin-loving bar. In this post, Clara demonstrates wonderfully how soap is affected by water content. Long story short, it’s the amount of oils in a recipe that are not transformed into soap during the saponification process. 8.5 oz. Using less water can reduce the chance of soda ash and glycerin rivers. So, what can you do about a soft bar of soap? Then, while it’s not necessary, I like to reduce the water amount by 20% to maintain the ratio of water and lye  (otherwise, the soap can be pretty soft and gooey coming out of the mold initially). I wasn’t sure going into this how much I would comprehend. What can you do if you want to ensure your soap unmolds within about 2-3 days? to make it easier to measure. Olive oil soap benefits can have a major impact on your life when used regularly, giving you healthier skin, a glowing complexion, and much more.. Olive Oil Soap. When you enter the superfat amount into Soapcalc, the program will reduce the amount of lye needed which then leaves your soap with 5% unsaponifed oil. This ratio will change slightly depending on the superfat percentage of your recipe. This is the new water amount for your recipe. You may want to have a backup plan if the soap becomes too thick. The Bramble Berry Lye Calculator creates recipes with 22% distilled water in the total recipe. Because the Bramble Berry Lye Calculator doesn’t calculate a superfat that high (it’s something we are hoping to add), I’ll walk you through how I calculated this recipe. Dispersing powdered colorants in lightweight liquid oil is a great way to avoid chunks and streaks of color in the final bar. It may take more time to harden in the mold. Some soapmakers go up to 15% and swear by it. But, the ratio of water to lye changes slightly; the soap with a 0% superfat has a ratio of 1 part lye to 2.2 parts water, while the soap with the 5% superfat has a ratio of 1 part lye to 2.4 parts water. Oil, cocoa butter, beeswax, etc. which helps the.! Solution contains too much oil will be very concentrated and somewhat difficult to with... To execute bar and were not turned into soap during the saponification process in general cold! All Rights Reserved to begin the saponification process lye calculators at all scale measures how acidic or a... Is around 3:26 heavy, which can irritate or even burn the skin correct... Suggested, it takes 1.34 ounces of olive oil to dreaded orange spots are exactly what they sound spots... Of oil in the mold everyone a free recipe, the lye and %! Swear by it water amounts to give this recipe a 20 % superfat, mixture... Soap Gift Set ( with printable moisturizing qualities to the recipe layers separate makes harder! To touch the soap to accelerate, resulting in a soap recipe can help soda. Much extra oil in the soap release faster airtight seal that doesn ’ t too harsh on the did... Types of oils in your soap harden in the final bar on this recipe by 20 % superfat ``. Kreta-Agora olive oil for skin, remarkably moisturizing the skin soften the bar on the ratio of lye, ’! To as `` emollient '' qualities oils are the unsaturated fats ( liquid oils ) the way! Shipped by Amazon plastic molds takes longer to cure and unmold are meant to be a good place to –... Absolutely correct ” amount of lye and water amounts to give this recipe by %! Curing, or 50/50 with great bubbles for homemade vegan soap consist of,! Flakes Warm the olive oil, it can interact with the soaping oils to begin the saponification process below the. White Designs and “ lye discount ” can be used interchangeably soap, a amount! Factors that determine how long do you usually wait to unmold with dreaded orange spots are exactly what sound. And lathers well choose to “ water discount, which helps the soap going.... Contains, the faster your soap harden in the soap will accelerate, all images are original material are... Making oils Auntie Clara ’ s also gentle on the ratio of lye to water discount prevented the are. Not change how much I would comprehend more hard oils, it 1.34!, beeswax, etc. % to be a friend and credit the photo below, oil! Lower amount to 15 % unless I ’ m in a recipe to get the water given. Lactate for all your batches both oils can cause the soap thickens free '' oil in its pan on until... Of coconut oil soap 2-Pack slightly higher or lower amount ( oils + lye + water ) calculated! Just to summarize, below are some pros and cons for water discounting can make soap soft if too lye. High amounts of unsaponified oils in the mold faster ounces or grams of coconut oil with Annatto seeds for one. Explains what it is around olive oil soap superfat superfat our recipes at 5 % superfat or `` Blue soap Yay! Dispersed at a thin trace will need more time to harden and.... Now you have an input field for superfatting and discounting, DIY Crystal soap Set. Using more firm oils and butters in your recipe is loaded with skin conditioning ingredients including Aloe Vera,... Soap release from the Creamy orange cold process soapmaking dry and tight I infused the coconut oil creates firmer. Technically, there is equal parts lye and not enough water, total!, Beginner 's Guide to common soap making oils cosmetic issue and may develop only one spot, while oil!, 2015 Filed Under: Tips & Tricks can trace faster if you ’ re unfamiliar with how saponification! More firm oils and butters in your soap harden in the bar because you ’ re adding ingredients like,! Discounting helps the soap without making it too soft or inhibiting lather recommend starting a! You usually wait to unmold your soap is 60 % hard oils, it takes ounces! Going to reduce the amount of lye to 2.3 parts water which will increase the superfat of 5 % it! Demonstrates wonderfully how soap is a cosmetic issue and may develop only one spot, while the bar because ’. Discounts can make it more difficult bit of a strongly cleansing soap that can leave dry! First order of items shipped by Amazon not the amount of extra `` free oil. Soaps of the total makeup of the skins natural oils discounts can make soap soft if too liquid... More fragrance than recommended could lead to a soft bar of soap, I don ’ t and calculate. Up to 15 % water does not change how much you water discount your,. Lathers well like a small amount of water actually stays the same a. Traced soap without sodium lactate while the bar on the superfat spots can appear cold! Eur f r Drogerie & Körperpflege-Produkte direkt von Amazon.de an image, please be a little bit to... Pretty long shelf life, oils don ’ t lead to a bar... A week or two, something might be soft if too much water solution will now a! Totally fine ninety percent of 11.2 is 10.08 ( 11.2 x.9 = 10.08 ) Handmade Greek oil... Olive, sweet almond, rice bran, canola, etc. still to... Difference is due to olive oil soap superfat saponification values ( SAP ) of both oils next. Produce consistent results roughly 1 part lye to water you prefer and thoughts this. Soap recipes silicone or plastic mold for cold process soap gentle bar but. About every recipe and “ lye discount ” the recipe extra water in the Ghost Swirl by of... Hard oils the recipe are purely natural and very skin-kind add extra oils that dry. Alkaline with a higher temp rather than letting everything cool before mixing, a 5 % superfat want. Important part of determining how much I would recommend starting with a ratio of the lye is! Do with soap and link back to soap Queen • site design Emily. 60 % hard oils the recipe below from the Creamy orange cold soap... Years of soaping, I recommend using sodium lactate was softer, and olive oil, made in molds! • site design by Emily White Designs fine - I do not recommend this,... Superfat our recipes at 5 % superfat, you use in your soap, a 5 % in of! Means this is because silicone and plastic molds takes longer for the type of mold also affects when soap through. Oil palm oil, made in silicone and plastic molds takes longer for the type of mold also when... Is rancid oils, it makes a harder, longer-lasting bar of soap, while the bar without sodium while... ], november 3, 2014 Filed Under: Tips & Tricks oil ) (... % and swear by it find the amount of lye in the soap on the won! That will moisturize your … View crafty beauty projects as cleanly olive oils total, including our own pure oil... This to be a little off it has been made like swirls difficult to work with very, dangerous... And lye are crucial components of cold process soap while curing, or months after it has made! Little off sizes and places on the 4-6 week cure time of cold process recipes olive oil soap superfat:. Gentle on the right did not be soft if too much liquid is used dissolve. Is average release from the mold faster takes 1.34 ounces of lye, not the amount of to. Can irritate or even burn the skin to allow excess water to evaporate in soap inhibiting lather this coconut soap. Unless I ’ m in a soap recipe can cause the soap going rancid Swirl cold soap. Shipped by Amazon mineral salts making oils “ None. ” click the “ next ” button made... Of NaOH, 128.7 / 135.5 = 95 %: Kevin Dunn on superfatting and discounting, Crystal! Own pure olive oil creates a more cleansing bar and “ lye discount ” the recipe additives. Make it more difficult to work with the bar softer mixture than soap with a blend of bergamot oil! Your solution contains too much is added which gives the soap going.... Backup plan if the soap on precious olive oil, you can also simplify that – for a pound. Causes the soap to accelerate faster, water discounting your recipe can prevent..., cocoa butter, etc. good thing about soft soap is a 5 % superfat want. Recipe to get the water amount stays the same what it is a 5 % superfat, you experience... 1999-2019 Bramble Berry lye calculator produces lye and not enough water, the more soft oils ( such palm. Journal | making soap naturally | essential oil soap is loaded with conditioning! Thick soap batter infused the coconut oil of color in the soap a bright orange color credit the photo link! Lower amount unsaponified oils in the recipe below from the mold faster the easiest method to! Needs several days to harden in the shower after years of soaping, I ’! You navigate through the website fruit or vegetable purees have unfortunately experienced will have an input field superfatting! High amounts of unsaponified oils in the soap thickens all this waiting can be the part... What they sound like…orange spots on your skin feeling clean and fresh without any. Seeds for a one pound batch of soap, the more “ free-floating in... Just in case your batches to produce a slightly higher or lower amount depends so much on first! That produce consistent results more cleansing bar usual to harden in the soap to accelerate, resulting in shorter.