It needs several days to harden in the mold. It’s usually too much oil, fragrance, liquid or other additive. You can also use the following equation: (1 – % superfat you want). It gives the soap a bright, citrusy scent that matches the orange hue. Speaking of “extra stuff” in your soap, let’s talk additives. This is because in order to create a superfat, you use less lye in the recipe. A soap calculator will have an input field for superfatting and will calculate this for you. So, if you want to superfat your olive oil soap in the above example by 4%, it would be: (1.34 oz. Soapers may also choose to water discount if the recipe contains additives that naturally contain water, like fruit or vegetable purees. Dreaded orange spots are exactly what they sound like…orange spots on your soap! Usually, colorants are dispersed at a rate of 1 teaspoon colorant to 1 tablespoon lightweight liquid oil. Dreaded orange spots (or DOS) are caused by the free oils in the soap going rancid. lye. Shea butter : 2%. If you’re adding ingredients that give the recipe additional water (like purees) that’s also a good reason to do a water discount. Dispersing powdered colorants in lightweight liquid oil is a great way to avoid chunks and streaks of color in the final bar. A 15% water discount prevented the recipe from containing too much water. That said, superfat is a totally personal thing. Olive oil creates a good rich lather in soap. Do you water discount your cold process recipes? This is because in order to create a superfat, you use less lye in the recipe. The water content also affects when soap goes through gel phase and how it reacts to heat. My recipe is 5% superfat, that means this is a beauty bar that will moisturize your … View. Using an accelerating fragrance oil helps your soap harden in the mold faster. Another factor is the superfat of the recipe. For example, palm oil makes a firmer bar of soap, while coconut oil creates a more cleansing bar. You can make soap out of 100% coconut oil if you have an unusually high superfat. As the soap cures, some of the water evaporates and makes a harder, longer-lasting bar of soap. Palm Oil Palm oil helps harden the bars and create lather when combined with coconut oil. This video may help. Soap with a higher superfat has a less concentrated lye mixture than soap with a lower superfat. Some soapers prefer to not use the water amount given by lye calculators at all! Check out my tips below. The scale ranges from 0 to 14. Water discounting your recipe can help prevent soda ash. You may want to have a backup plan if the soap becomes too thick. Both recipes contain 10 ounces of oils. Soaps high (50%+) in olive oil need longer to cure and unmold. lye) x (1 – .04) = 1.29 oz. The type of mold also affects how quickly soap hardens. This example is technically not a water discount; when you use a higher superfat in your recipe you are actually calculating a lye discount! The terms “superfat” and “lye discount” can be used interchangeably. If you like your soap to go through a complete gel phase, water discounting makes this a little more difficult. A 100% coconut oil soap is one example of a strongly cleansing soap that can leave skin dry and tight. Colorants and fragrance oils are the most common “additives” and they can make soap soft if too much is added. The amount of lye will stay the same. The more hard oils the recipe contains (such as palm, coconut, cocoa butter, beeswax, etc. Read more about working with accelerating fragrance oils, Soap with a lower water content requires higher temperatures to go through a full gel phase. Water is roughly 22% of the total recipe (oils + lye + water) when calculated with the  Bramble Berry Lye Calculator. Still a little confused? Using less water also results in a shorter curing and drying time, as there is less water to evaporate from the soap. One of which includes using something you may already have in your fridge…red cabbage! So, if you want to superfat your olive oil soap in the above example by 4%, it would be: (1.34 oz. So, what can you do about a soft bar of soap? I wasn’t sure going into this how much I would comprehend. In cold process soap, the oil can be used up to 33%. Let’s do a water discount of 10%. If your soap accelerates, it can make some complicated soap designs like swirls difficult to execute. Olive Oil (40%) There are a few reasons why soapmakers may choose to superfat their soap. On the other hand, if you use more water than suggested, it takes longer for the soap to become firm. How long do you usually wait to unmold your soap? Palm oil : 23%. Unsaturated Fats (Liquid Oils) The best ingredients to balance the saturated fats in a soap recipe are the unsaturated fats. Then, while it’s not necessary, I like to reduce the water amount by 20% to maintain the ratio of water and lye  (otherwise, the soap can be pretty soft and gooey coming out of the mold initially). Use at least 40% hard oils in your recipe. If you are looking at the total weight of this recipe (oils + water + lye), the water makes up 22% of the recipe. Using more firm oils and butters in your recipe will result in a firmer bar of soap. So, when should you water discount your soap? (hi coconut oil, more than 30%, can be drying… But a higher super fat, higher than normally recommended, can help to combat that) People with sensitive skin tend to prefer high percentage of olive oil, as well as soaps … 10X Orange Essential Oil. I classify this as a soft/hard oil because it makes a very soft bar of soap initially upon unmolding but cures into a rock hard bar. DOS may appear in various sizes and places on the soap. Each oil has its own saponification value, or the amount of lye it takes to turn 1 gram of oil into 1 gram of soap. While coconut oil is extremely hydrating when applied directly to skin, when combined with sodium hydroxide, it adds cleansing properties to cold process soap. One has a superfat of 5% (shown on the right) and the other has a superfat of 0% (shown on the left). A fantastic (and beautiful!) You may also choose to “water discount” the recipe and use less than what is called for. There are a few ways to calculate superfat. The only real option is to rebatch the soap. The last step is to add extra oils that nourish dry skin. In terms of cold process soap, I use it in just about every recipe. of extra oils per pound of soap. Adding too much extra oil (like with dispersed colorants) can lead to a soft bar of soap. High in lioleic acid, omega 6 fatty acids, and antioxidants. This means 1–7% of oils in the recipe are “free-floating” in the bar and were not turned into soap. If you want to add a lot of colorant, you may want to decrease the amount of oil in your dispersion. Other lye calculators might have a slightly lower or higher percentage. For more free recipes, soaping tips, and awesome products go … Kostenlose Lieferung ab 20 EUR f r Drogerie & Körperpflege-Produkte direkt von Amazon.de. We almost always superfat our recipes at 5% because it adds luxury to the soap without making it too soft or inhibiting lather. The calculator will give the amount of fragrance oil that’s safe for skin. Photo: Ashley Helvey. Somebody mentioned stirring by hand - I would def use a stick blender. Generally, the soap will be able to be removed from the mold faster. Adding more fragrance than recommended could lead to a soft bar. I rarely go above a 15% water discount; the only time I do is if I need my soap in a hurry and want to cut down on the drying time. Grapeseed Oil. The pH scale measures how acidic or basic a substance is. In this case, I used 21 ounces. Dreaded orange spots can appear on cold process soap while curing, or months after it has been made. A great example of water discounting a recipe to account for water-filled additives is the Pumpkin Spice Swirl Cold Process Soap. Feel free to share, tweet and pin to your hearts content. Your skin will thank you! Soap made in wood molds lined with freezer paper has a little more airflow, which helps the soap release faster. Handmade olive oil soap makes a terrific gift, so if you get the hang of it, you may want to consider giving some of your bars to friends or family to test them out. If you’re looking for more 100% coconut oil recipes, check out this 100% Coconut Oil Soap with Aloe Vera and Mantra Swirl by Kenna of Modern Soapmaking. But, the ratio of water to lye changes slightly; the soap with a 0% superfat has a ratio of 1 part lye to 2.2 parts water, while the soap with the 5% superfat has a ratio of 1 part lye to 2.4 parts water. The lye to water ratio of the lye solution is roughly 1 part lye to 2.3 parts water. Adding too much fragrance oil can also lead to a soft bar of soap. Water discounting can accelerate trace, which can result in very thick soap batter. Then, enter how many ounces or grams of coconut oil you’d like to use. Making cold process soap successfully requires precise measurements of lye and oil. That’s because the amount of water in your recipe can fluctuate, and still be totally fine. Soap for Super Dry Skin! Ingredients. Cold process soap is naturally alkaline with a pH of around 9-10. Olive oil soaps are slow to trace. Dreaded Orange Spots, also known as DOS, is something many cold process soap makers have unfortunately experienced. As you can see below, the water amount stays the same. Long story short, it’s the amount of oils in a recipe that are not transformed into soap during the saponification process. Oliva Generally, the more a recipe is water discounted, the faster the soap thickens. I've been using it for quite a while now and it gives a hard bar that cures in 4 weeks and lathers well. But, what if your soap takes longer than usual to harden? Simply enter which fragrance oil you’re using, what you’re making and how much. If too much lye is used the soap will be lye heavy, which can irritate or even burn the skin. Then, select ounces or grams (whichever you prefer working with). This helps balance it out. The amount of water in a recipe is determined by the amount of lye, not the amount of oils in your recipe. After years of soaping, I have developed a few go-to recipes that produce consistent results. Extra oil creates a more gentle bar, but it can also make the bar softer. Patounis All Natural Handmade Greek Olive Oil Soap 2-Pack . These go-to recipes were the inspiration for Bramble Berry’s Quick Mixes. Give it a try and see if you like it. lye) x (1 – .04) = 1.29 oz. Olive Oil This rich oil gives a thick lather and a very hard bar of soap, after a long curing period. To reduce the lye by 20%, multiply the 3.74 ounces of lye by 0.8 (because we want 80% of the lye). When you add color and fragrance, it turns into an art. In this post, Clara demonstrates wonderfully how soap is affected by water content. Lye heavy soap usually has the opposite problem; it’s extremely hard, brittle and crumbly. Copyright © 1999-2019 Bramble Berry ® Inc. All Rights Reserved. I have found 5% to be a good balance between firmness, and a skin-loving bar. Schau dir unsere Auswahl an olive oils soap an, um die tollsten einzigartigen oder spezialgefertigten, handgemachten Stücke aus unseren Shops zu finden. Kreta-Agora Olive oil soaps from Aphrodite. Then, it needs to cure for 4-6 weeks to allow excess water to evaporate. the soap contains, the softer the bars will be. Properties: Highly Conditioning, Creamy and Stable Lather. If you used a large superfat (generally 7% or more) and the bar feels soft to the touch after a few weeks, the superfat may be the culprit. HSCG Conference Guest Post: Kevin Dunn on Superfatting and Discounting, DIY Crystal Soap Gift Set (with printable! I went with a 15% water discount, which gave me a ratio of about 1 part lye to 2.1 parts water. A common dilution rate is 30% lye and 70% water. Some bars may develop only one spot, while some bars become completely covered. If your solution contains too much lye and not enough water, the mixture can become extremely hot and very, very dangerous. Having extra lye … Coconut oil : 25%. The bar without sodium lactate was softer, and did not unmold as cleanly. There are several factors that determine how long soap needs to harden. Besides the usual olive oil soaps with different herbs there are, too, olive oil soaps with peeling effect which contain dried and crushed herbs or leaves. You can also simplify that – for a one pound batch of soap, a 5% superfat works out roughly to 0.8 oz. In addition, the lye may not have enough water to dissolve fully. Just be prepared to move quickly. When both the oil and the lye … For this reason they are purely natural and very skin-kind. demonstration of this is shown in The Ghost Swirl by Clara of Auntie Clara’s Handcrafted Cosmetics. It’s a liquid salt that can be added to cooled lye water at a rate of 1 teaspoon per pound of oils in cold process soap. Generally, I don’t water discount more than 15% unless I’m in a huge hurry to unmold. Cocoa Butter (10%) It’s optional, but I use it in 99.9% of my recipes. This seems like a small change, but it can make a big difference. Two to three days in the mold is average. Using the exact amount of lye you need to make the exact amount of soap with nothing leftover is a 0% superfat or lye discount. Decrease the superfat. It can take a little trial and error to find the perfect recipe for you. 1000g of olive oil requires 135.5g of NaOH, 128.7 / 135.5 = 95%. For example, let’s take a look at two similar recipes for the Basic Quick Mix. When the ratio of lye to water increases, the mixture is more lye concentrated. In fact, if you plug in your recipe of soap making oils into various lye calculators, you may end up with slightly different amounts. Multiply the 6.93 ounces of distilled water by 0.8. 11.2 oz. Homemade Liquid Laundry Detergent Recipe. A superfat is also referred to as a “lye discount.” This is because in order to turn fewer oils into soap, you reduce the amount of lye in the recipe. Water is used to dissolve the sodium hydroxide lye so it can interact with the soaping oils to begin the saponification process. Olive oil soap benefits can have a major impact on your life when used regularly, giving you healthier skin, a glowing complexion, and much more.. Olive Oil Soap. From creating lip balm to cold process soap, it’s fantastic for a variety of crafty beauty projects. Technically, there is not an “absolutely correct” amount of water to use in your soap recipe. The types of oils used in the soap can have a different impact on your skin. Having 20 percent extra oil in the soap mitigates the "drying" effect, resulting in a bar that's really mild. How much water you use in your soap will depend on the calculator you use. 100% Coconut Oil Soap with 20% Superfat OR "Blue Soap - Yay!" We almost always superfat our recipes at 5% because it adds luxury to the soap without making it too soft or inhibiting lather. For example, a solution with 40% lye and 60% water (with a ratio of 1 part lye to 1.5 parts water) is more highly concentrated, because it contains less water in the total mixture. Kinda cool right? Using less water than originally called for in a recipe is known as a “water discount.” There are several reasons why you may want to water discount soap. Click here to learn more about sodium lactate. Experimenting with a few different superfats is the best way to find the amount you love. Not sure what a “superfat” means? Another common reason is that by superfatting your soap recipe, you will have a bit of a "fudge factor." 8.5 oz. Thicken the trace of your soap. To help firm it up, you can add shreds of a firm bar. In the Pumpkin Spice Swirl Soap, pumpkin puree is added which gives the recipe extra water. Unless stated otherwise, all images are original material and are copyrighted. This recipe contains 2.5 oz of pumpkin puree, which contains water. Water discounting is a great way to avoid glycerin rivers (shown above). In general, cold process soap made in silicone and plastic molds takes longer to harden and umold. The terms “superfat” and “lye discount” can be used interchangeably. Learn more about how to avoid glycerin rivers here. Learn more about rebatching soap here. I could have done a little bit of a steeper discount, but I wanted to make sure I had time to swirl. Castile soap is made with 100% olive oil. Learn more about water discounting soap here, Click here to learn more about sodium lactate, 100% Coconut Oil Soap with Aloe Vera and Mantra Swirl, Water Discounting Cold Process Soap: How & Why. In addition, water discounting affects the temperature at which soap goes through gel phase. Please turn it on so that you can experience the full capabilities of this site. It can be used at up to 100% of your total recipe. Water discounting helps the soap release from the mold faster. The important part of determining how much water to use in your recipe depends on the ratio of lye to water you prefer. 28. I understand the reaction of Saponification on a very basic level. That’s where the Fragrance Calculator comes in! Ninety percent of 11.2 is 10.08 (11.2 x .9 = 10.08). Actually, I recommend using sodium lactate for all your batches! 5.0 out of 5 stars 5. Thoughts on this recipe and thoughts on your own? But, if you add too much dispersed colorant it can soften the bar because you’re adding more oil as well. it makes a wonderful cleansing, hard bar with great bubbles. A pH higher than 7 is considered basic or alkaline, and pH level of below 7 is acidic. Another factor is the superfat of the recipe. Creative Director Ashley Helvey Stocks Up On This One-Stop Soap For Her Complexion and Laundry Alike. Sodium Hydroxide Lye The Bramble Berry Lye Calculator produces lye and water mixtures with a ratio of roughly 1 part lye to 2.4 parts water. You can also simplify that – for a one pound batch of soap, a 5% superfat works out roughly to 0.8 oz. If you calculate your recipe to have a 7% superfat and add lots of dispersed color for example, you may end up with a soft bar. A formula based on precious olive oil for skin, remarkably moisturizing the skin. There are so many amazing uses for coconut oil. ), the quicker the soap will harden. Palm Kernel Flakes It is true that superfat can be used to increase the mildness of some types of soap that would otherwise be too harsh on the skin. For example in the photo below, the soap on the left contains sodium lactate while the bar on the right does not. In general I always recommend 2-3 days, but sometimes you can get away with unmolding the next day if you use some of the tips above! If used at more than about 33% of the total recipe, it can make the bars feel too cleansing and can be drying to some. Remember, when you decrease the amount of lye, you are creating a lye discount which will increase the superfat of your soap. We can round this up to 10.1 oz. 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