Membership benefits include one year of Audubon magazine and the latest on birds and their habitats. This bird can be found in native populations in Canada, the United States, Mexico, Japan and the Russian Federation, and has vagrant populations in China and Greenland as well. When investigators capture Pacific loons while they are breeding or incubating eggs regardless of how close they are to the nest at the time of capture, the survival rates of the eggs decrease. Breeding Pacific Loons are dapper birds with soft gray heads and intricate black-and-white patterning on the back and neck. Spread the word. Found in large numbers off the West Coast of North America in winter, when they are gray above and white below. Incubation lasts 23 to 25 days. Also eats crustaceans, mollusks, aquatic insects, and some plant material, especially during breeding season. Or take action immediately with one of our current campaigns below: The Audubon Bird Guide is a free and complete field guide to more than 800 species of North American birds, right in your pocket. Subspecific information monotypic species. USA, Alaska. [6][7], The Pacific loon breeds on tundra lakes, and winters in the open ocean or other large bodies of water. Pacific Loon Seasonal Range Habitat. Pacific loons on the other hand breed exclusively in northern North America. What kinds of habitat do they need? It winters along sheltered, ice-free coasts of the north-east Atlantic Ocean and the eastern and western Pacific Ocean. Portrait of a Pacific Loon by sfdonald 29 12 Gavia pacifica - Plongeon du Pacifique . Pacific Loons greatly expand their range eastward during the breeding season as they nest across northern Canada on lakes surrounded by tundra or in forested country. Discover (and save!) This loon is hardly "Pacific" in summer -- its breeding range extends across northern Canada as far east as Hudson Bay and Baffin Island. Pacific Loon: Population name: North America: Breeding range: Arctic North America: Non-breeding range: Pacific coast of North America: Red List Category: Least … Robert W. Russell Version: 1.0 — Published March 4, 2020 Text last updated May 15, 2018 [7] This distance requirement for takeoff limits the number of lakes the Pacific loon can realistically breed and forage on. Occurrence. Breeding Pacific Loons are dapper birds with soft gray heads and intricate black-and-white patterning on the back and neck. Non-breeding plumage is drabber with white chin and foreneck. Found inland rarely in fall and very rarely in spring. When feeding, the Pacific loon may produce an “ark”-like vocalization, a sharp, short call. The Pacific Loon breeds across Alaska and the Arctic and into the northern portions of British Columbia, Alberta ... although a species may be associated with a particular ecological system within its known geographic range, portions of that ecological system may occur outside of the species' known geographic range. . Photo by Mick Thompson/Eastside Audubon Barrow, Alaska, United States Sizes: Full size: 2048x1365 I've just returned from a photo tour with Aaron Baggenstos of Aaronstours.com. This species also breeds and winters in central Asia, and may breed in western Greenland (see text for details). Pacific Loon: One to three brown eggs with black brown spots are laid on a platform of stems, roots, and mud built near the edge of water. Can This Critically Endangered Bird Survive Australia's New Climate Reality? Nest (probably built by both sexes) is a heap of vegetation pulled up from around nest site, sometimes mixed with mud or with mud foundation; may rarely build floating nest. Diet varies with place and season. It is a water bird whose habitats include wetlands, marine and coastal locations. USA, Alaska. Additionally, it has been shown that nest visits from researchers and capture events can have a significant impact on the survival rates within Pacific loon nests. Description identification. Overwhelmed and Understaffed, Our National Wildlife Refuges Need Help. [11] This is most likely due to the fact that Pacific loons nest in a traditionally remote part of Western Alaska and are not typically accustomed to human interaction of any form. At the Y-K Delta nested in wet marsh tundra and heath tundra with lacustrine ponds of 1.5 ha and 1.5 m depth. The Pacific loon most actively calls in the spring and summer and has a wide range of calls. The five species are Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata, Pacific Loon Gavia pacifica, Arctic Loon Gavia arctica, Yellow-billed Loon Gavia adamsii, and Common Loon Gavia immer.The Common Loon is the species best known to most of us, as its breeding range lies across most of Canada. In winter their crown becomes darker … These eggs typically measure 76 by 47 millimetres (3.0 by 1.9 in). The Pacific loon has a wide distribution and can also be found nesting in Japan and other areas bordering the Pacific Ocean. Also, note overall dark head with a clearly demarcated white throat and short bill. It’s the least you can do. The 27 fall records of Pacific Loon accepted to 2012 by the Ontario Bird Records Committee range from 16 October to 26 December. A recent in depth study of the Pacific loon population in the Western Alaskan Arctic found that the population of the birds there is actually ~1.5-2.0 times larger than previous aerial surveillance had indicated. David Narver, Birds of the Chignik River Drainage, summers 1960-63: Not Observed. Visit your local Audubon center, join a chapter, or help save birds with your state program. What role do they play in their respective ecosystem?) Found wintering mainly on the Pacific coast this loon ranges from the U.S.A. to China, Japan, North and South Korea and Mexico. The Old World counterpart to our Pacific Loon, entering North America mainly as an uncommon summer resident in far western Alaska. One brood per year. The Common Loon is born with brown eyes, which start to turn red later in its first year. Less aerial display than in Red-throated Loon. Status at Chignik Lake 2016-19: Uncommon/Occasional. This loon was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 2, sometimes 1, rarely 3. We were fortunate enough to see two of these species! The Pacific loon is well named, for nearly all of these birds winter along the Pacific Coast. Find the perfect Pacific Loon stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Would be vulnerable to pollution in offshore wintering areas. One brood per year. This home was built in 2019 and last sold on 2/27/2019 for $236,000. The Common Loon is born with brown eyes, which start to turn red later in its first year. Enter Bird's Name in Search Box: www.birds-of-north-america.net: Life, Habitat & Pictures of the Pacific Loon. Photo: Howard Arndt/Audubon Photography Awards, Great Egret. They are the Pacific, Red-Throated, Arctic, and Yellow-billed Loons. More social than other loons, this species frequently gathers in large flocks. This dataset represents a species known range extent for Pacific Loon (Gavia pacifica) within the conterminous United States (CONUS) based on 2001 ground conditions. Distribution of the Pacific Loon in North America. The lowered survival rate of the loon's offspring when a parent is captured or the nest is visited indicates that the population could face severe consequences from encroaching human contact. This is the most abundant of North America’s five loon species, and in winter they gather in large numbers in coastal waters, bays, and estuaries. If the threat is another animal on the water, the attacking loon will extend its head and neck in an aggressive manner and dive under the threat in an attempt to stab it with its beak as it resurfaces. The Pacific loon or Pacific diver (Gavia pacifica), is a medium-sized member of the loon, or diver, family. [10], This loon lays a clutch of one to two light buff or green eggs with brown spots of various sizes. The Pacific Loon or Pacific Diver (Gavia pacifica), is a medium-sized member of the loon, or diver, family. This loon is hardly "Pacific" in summer -- its breeding range extends across northern Canada as far east as Hudson Bay and Baffin Island. Brown, with blackish-brown spots. 2122 Pacific Loon Ln , Conroe, TX 77385-3030 is currently not for sale. The same climate change-driven threats that put birds at risk will affect other wildlife and people, too. Best known for its mournful, wailing call, it is capable of producing a variety of … [2] The specific epithet pacifica is Latin for the Pacific Ocean, the term meaning "peaceful". Download this stock image: USA, Alaska. It breeds primarily in northern Canada and eastern Siberia, and winters along the Pacific coast of North America. Forages by diving from surface and swimming underwater, propelled mainly by feet. The Pacific Loon has a huge range estimated between 100,000 to 1,000,000 square kilometers. This species typically breeds on lakes that are ≥1 ha in size in both boreal and tundra habitats. The Pacific loon is definitely out-of-range, so I'd imagine there might have been a bit of a crowd hanging around when this image was snapped. [13][12] Pacific loons are so aggressive, they have even been observed displaying threatening body language towards passing airplanes in Alaska. Type in your search and hit Enter on desktop or hit Go on mobile device. The Yellow-billed Loon is vulnerable to disturbance due to its extremely small population size and limited breeding range. They have been found in Greenland, Europe and Great Britain. [9], The Pacific loon constructs its nest on the ground near deep lakes. [11], Pacific loons prospecting for a new lake frequently visited lakes that were already occupied, this along with high retention rates of lakes indicates that the loon population in Northern Alaska may be saturated. Luckily, the diving foraging behavior of loons keeps them at a relatively low risk of death from overconsumption of plastic, as most of the polluted debris exists floating on the surface of the water rather than in the depths.[17]. They tend to prefer deep, freshwater lakes without a lot of submerged vegetation, especially those with small islands they can use for nesting. Four species of loons occur just north of the Brooks Range. Adults may fly several miles from nesting territory to other waters to feed and to bring back food for young. [12], A pair of Pacific loons will defend young as a parental unit in which one parent protects the nest or fledglings while the other parent aggressively attacks the perceived threat. The "About This Bird" tab will give you lots of info. They have a gray head, black throat, white under wings and belly with a chequered black and white mantle. However, the great majority of these birds head west to the Pacific Coast to spend the winter. Bald Eagle. The Old World counterpart to our Pacific Loon, entering North America mainly as an uncommon summer resident in far western Alaska. [13], This species, like all divers/loons, is a specialist fish-eater, catching its prey underwater. The Pacific Loon swam towards us in a small pond along the Dalton. Enlarge Definitive Alternate (breeding) Pacific Loon. In all plumages, lack of a white flank patch distinguishes this species from the otherwise very similar black-throated loon. Breeds mainly on lakes surrounded by tundra, also lakes within forested country; often overlaps with Red-throated Loon, but requires larger and deeper bodies of water. The Pacific loon has also been known to be very aggressive, engaging in interspecific killing of both hatch year and after hatch year individuals who intentionally or accidentally approach the loon's nesting area. Best known for its mournful, wailing call, it is capable of producing a variety of … The Pacific Loon or Pacific Diver (Gavia pacifica), is a medium-sized member of the loon, or diver, family. Usually two eggs are deposited and incubated for 24-25 days. In fall migration it is usually seen in its basic plumage marked by dark gray on the crown, hind neck, and back with a small amount of white showing on the sides as it sits in the water. Presently, they are used to help generate a tabular location database for the system software. [16] Mercury is up-taken by small fish which is a primary source of food in a loon’s diet. B L W W W Family Latin Name; 25" 63.5cm: 36" 91.4cm: 3.7lb. The backing of a billionaire helps quite a bit, too. Northbound migrants along Pacific Coast may travel in flocks several miles offshore, usually less than 60' above water; avoid flying on days with strong headwinds. Mystery birds: Pacific loon, Gavia pacifica & common loon, Gavia immer One of these two North American mystery bird species is out-of-range GrrlScientist . See text for details. Pacific Loon Gavia pacifica Order: Gaviiformes Gavia: sea mew pacifica: of the Pacific region. Birch, A. and Lee, C-T, 1997, Field identification of Arctic and Pacific Loons. Range: Pre-breeding migration. This range map was created by attributing sub-watershed polygons with information of a species' presence, origin, seasonal and reproductive use. They typically nest in marginal water areas on floating masses of vegetation referred to as “float-on” and grasses. The Pacific Loon, as the name indicates, is a water bird seen mostly in the Pacific Ocean and waters fairly close to the western coastlines. Young start to fly at 60 to 65 days. The genus name Gavia comes from the Latin for "sea mew", as used by ancient Roman naturalist Pliny the Elder. Range: Pre-breeding migration. Therefore, birds may either make long overland flights or travel long distance around Alaska en route between wintering areas on Pacific Coast and breeding grounds in central Canadian Arctic. Range. The true Arctic Loon (of the form found in eastern Siberia and western Alaska) is larger than the Pacific Loon, but its habits are similar. The black throat has purple reflections. Formerly considered a subspecies of the Arctic Loon, the Pacific Loon is now classified as a full species. HABITAT: Tundra lakes in the summer; Pacific coast in winter, but more off-shore than the Red-throated Loon… They are smaller than Common Loon with a shorter bill. Pacific Loon breeding range extends across northern Canada as far east as Hudson Bay and Baffin Island. ))", "Interspecific Killing in the Pacific Loon", "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species", "Habitat use and population status of Yellow-billed and Pacific loons in western Alaska, USA", "Mercury risk to avian piscivores across western United States and Canada", "Marine birds and plastic debris in Canada: a national synthesis and a way forward", Black-throated loon (Arctic loon or black-throated diver), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pacific_loon&oldid=986171525, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It breeds on deep lakes in the tundra region of Alaska and northern Canada as far east as Baffin Island, and in Russia east of the Lena River. [6], The Pacific loon population is currently increasing and is spread over a wide range of approximately 15,700,000 square kilometers. [6] Its bill is grey or whitish and dagger-shaped. (Select, current, then +1.5C, + 2.0C, and #3.0C and watch how the map colors change.) The Pacific Loon is a medium-sized waterbird smaller than Common Loon (G. immer) and about the same size or slightly larger than Red-throated Loon (G. stellata). The Pacific Loon has a huge range estimated between 100,000 to 1,000,000 square kilometers. The two are very similar, and until recently they were combined as one species under the name "Arctic Loon." However, the great majority of these birds head west to the Pacific Coast to spend the winter. It has a smoothly rounded head and neck and a straight bill. Breeds in Russia, Scandinavia, Alaska and Canada. They have a striped neck, a black throat, and a gray crown. Arctic Loon: Range is from Alaska to Siberia. [8], Unlike other loons/divers, this bird may migrate in flocks. It has been shown that elevated levels of mercury in the environment poses a significant health risk to avian piscivores like the Pacific loon. Because its legs are located so far to the rear of its body, the water bird is unable to walk easily on land. In winter, mostly on ocean, often farther from shore than Red-throated or Common loons. Ocean, open water; in summer, tundra lakes. Numbers apparently stable. It may be conspecific with Black-throated Diver/Arctic Loon, which it closely resembles. May mate for life. Pacific Loon Range Map: with permission from The Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Birds of the World. Text © Kenn Kaufman, adapted from Pacific Loon (Gavia pacifica) is a species of bird in the Gaviidae family. ‘Pacific’ (and ‘pacifica’) refer to the range of this loon. Pacific Loon (Gavia pacifica) Vulnerability: Presumed Stable Confidence: Moderate The Pacific Loon is the most common breeding loon in Arctic Alaska, nesting throughout much of the state (Russell 2002). They nest on tundra lakes, where their far-carrying wails lend a haunting sound to the Arctic landscape. . Foreign names . This Winter Marks an Incredible 'Superflight' of Hungry Winter Finches, A Massive Seagrass Project Is Restoring a Lost Food Web for Wintering Geese, EPA Pulls an About-Face, Green Lights Project That Will Damage Crucial Wetlands. Audubon protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow. Small to medium-sized loon. Age at first flight probably 60-65 days. Photo: Mick Thompson/Audubon Photography Awards. Pacific Loon Gavia pacifica Tucson, Pima County, Arizona, United States 21 January First winter plumage. Geographic range: Gavia pacifica: Coastal e Siberia and n N America; winters to Japan, s Baja; Source: Clements checklist. In the winter, it migrates to the coasts of the northeast Atlantic and eastern and western Pacific as far south as the Mediterranean, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, China, Japan and southern Alaska. Loons are water birds like ducks, geese, and grebes, but they are classified separately by scientists. The Yellow-billed Loon is vulnerable to disturbance due to its extremely small population size and limited breeding range. [10], Socially monogamous Pacific loons have been found to have high territory retention rates (0.92) indicating that the loons are able to successfully defend their nesting lake from other loon pairs or individuals who may be trying to move in. However loons are not related to ducks, even if they have webbed feet, but the name remained nevertheless. The Pacific loon breeds on tundra lakes, and winters in the open ocean or other large bodies of water. Range maps of Californias regularly-occurring vertebrates were digitized as GIS layers to support the predictions of the CWHR System software, which allows users to query for wildlife species meeting a set of location and habitat conditions. Although the eggs are laid a few days a part, they can usually be seen to hatch at intervals not more than a day. It has a smoothly rounded head and neck and a straight bill. All ponds used contained ninespine stickleback with no other fish. Information, images and range maps on over 1,000 birds of North America, including sub-species, vagrants, introduced birds and possibilities . ft. single-family home is a 4 bed, 3.0 bath property. Arctic loons breed across northern Eurasia with only a small breeding range in western Alaska. Only four of the 27 fall records were away from the Great Lakes at Lake Simcoe, Niagara Falls, Waterloo, and Woodstock. (What do they eat? Geographic Range. Both parents feed young. Courtship displays include ritualized bill-dipping and splash-diving by both members of pair. HABITAT: Pacific loons prefer open oceans and large lakes. [10] It does, although, generally feed closer to the shore than other loons. Incubation ranges from 23 to 25 days and is carried out by both parents. your own Pins on Pinterest Lack of a white flank patch distinguishes it from otherwise very similar black-throated loon. These include 11 in juvenile plumage, 19 in winter plumage, 6 molting from breeding to winter plumage, and two still in breeding plumage. Nest: Site is almost always at edge of water, on shore or island, sometimes in shallow water. The 2,797 sq. Non-breeding plumage is drabber with the chin and foreneck white. This is the most abundant of North America’s five loon species, and in winter they gather in large numbers in coastal waters, bays, and estuaries. It may be conspecific with Black-throated Diver/Arctic Loon, which it closely resembles. adult. The Pacific Loon breeds across Alaska and the Arctic and into the northern portions of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec and winters along the Pacific coast from southern Alaska to Mexico. In the east, it is the rarest and least known of the three loons found there. The Pacific loon measures between 23-27 inches (58-68 cm). In the southern part of their range, the loons begin breeding in March. Pacific Loon Gavia pacifica Tucson, Pima County, Arizona, United States 21 January First winter plumage. Now, speculate on how the range shift will impact the long-term success of this particular bird species. In the former phylogeny, the split between the Pacific loon and the black-throated loon is proposed to have happened about 6.5 million years ago.[4]. - AYC0BY from Alamy's library of millions … Foraging and Feeding. Learn more. The body is black with white markings. Restoring a national icon takes luck, patience, and more than a little guile. Breeds on freshwater lakes on arctic and subarctic tundra and taiga with varying topography and in both treeless and forested areas (Bergman and Derksen 1977). Like its name suggests, the Pacific loon spends most of its time nesting along the Pacific coast, ranging from Alaska all the way to Mexico. Additionally, the Pacific loon has a call similar to that of its relative the Common loon, it is a loud, eerie, oo-loo-lee wail or yodel that can travel for miles and is typically heard during the loon’s breeding season. [3], The phylogeny of this species is debated, with the black-throated loon and the Pacific loon traditionally being considered sister species, whereas a study using mitochondrial and nuclear intron DNA supported placing the black-throated loon sister to a clade consisting of the Pacific loon and the two sister species that are the common loon and the yellow-billed loon. Other species except the Red-throated Loon… Geographic range fish and aquatic invertebrates summer has. Summer, tundra lakes in northern North America mainly as an uncommon summer resident in far western Alaska Data by! 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Bed, 3.0 bath property to 65 days spots of various sizes [ 8 ], Unlike loons/divers..., introduced birds and the Hudson Bay and Baffin Island further south on the ground near deep lakes especially... Forages by diving from surface and swimming underwater, propelled mainly by.! Usually two eggs are deposited and incubated for 24-25 days Pacific region 16 October to 26 December icon! Birds with soft gray heads and intricate black-and-white patterning on the ground near deep lakes the similar Loon!