Growing 60 to 80 feet tall with a 2- to 3-foot-diameter trunk, the black oak tree (Quercus velutina) has thick, leathery and shallow lobes that are widest toward the bristly tips. Hickory tree bark is ridged and gray and peels easily when the tree matures. Welcome to the Michigan A-Z native species list. For some reason unknown to scientists, the oak wilt disease progresses much more slowly in white oaks than it does in red oaks. Also known as the yellow oak tree, the black oak produces light brown acorn nuts with flat-scaled cups that cover about half of the nut. We have listed them by scientific name because it is a constant and does not vary region to region or person to person. The swamp white oak has distinct non-lobed leaves with irregular, wavy, rounded teeth. Hickory leaves are long with up to 17 pointed leaflets growing oppositely on each leaf stem. If you have any questions about the oak wilt disease in Michigan or if you would like to know more, call us or visit the Michigan Department of Natural Resources webpage. At the W.K. Integrity Tree Services also provides extensive plant health care through our Tree & Shrub Care division as well as servicing many residential needs for tree removal and stump grinding. As indestructible as these trees may seem, they can also catch deadly diseases that can bring them down. Hickory Tree Identification. The pin oak has upright top branches, horizontal middle branches and lower limbs that grow slightly downward. Redbud. Since 1998, Integrity Tree Services has been the premier utility arborist organization providing services for Utility Transmission & Distribution clients as well as providing land clearing services for commercial, industrial, and municipal clients. Japanese Evergreen Oak (Q. acuta) – The smallest of the oak trees, the Japanese evergreen grows 20 to 30 feet tall (6-9 m.) and up to 20 feet wide (6 m.). These sentinel trees can live for centuries, providing shade, clean air, and can even increase the value of your yard. Oak trees (Quercus spp.) Here is a list of some common oak tree diseases and one that may be on its way. Oak trees (Quercus spp.) Tree species occurrence is fairly uniform across the region but there are some differences. All Rights Reserved. Some may bear nuts that resemble acorns. Most people know what an oak tree is, and can probably even identify at least one type of oak tree when they see it. Flowering Dogwood: 50: 15-30' well-drained: 4: full sun, partial shade : wildlife habitat & food & cover: Gray dogwood: Medium size wildlife shrub with clusters of white flowers in spring and white fruit in fall. Crab Orchard, WV 25827, Mailing Address: Also, the margins of these leaves can be smooth, serrated, notched, or lobed. are known for their acorns and widely used wood, as well as for providing food and shelter for a wide variety of birds and other wildlife. The leaves turn vibrant red in autumn. The leaf margins can be smooth or have teeth toward the lobe ends. But did you know there are more than 60 different species of oak trees in the United States alone? The acorns on a white oak have a warty cup, which is the top of the acorn. Small tree well-known for its white flowers in spring. The best way to identify hickory trees is by their bark, leaves, and nuts. Tulip Tree. DOWNLOAD FILE Walnut: Black. Remember to always trim your Oak trees in the late fall or early spring to prevent the spread of oak wilt! Sumac: Staghorn. As its name implies, the swamp white oak (Q. bicolor) is found growing along stream banks, near swamps and in bottomlands throughout Michigan. Simple clues in identifying what type of oak tree you have are red oaks have pointed lobes and white oaks have rounded lobes. The Bur Oak should live between 150 and 250 years! White oaks are affected but may survive. It is not solely the wounding that makes the tree susceptible to oak wilt, it is the beetles that feed on the oak sap and transmit oak wilt fungal spores from an infected tree to a healthy tree. Cookie information is stored in your browser and performs functions such as recognising you when you return to our website and helping our team to understand which sections of the website you find most interesting and useful. It typically is scaly or has thick ridges but can be quite variable between trees. When trying to identify a tree by its leaves, you can also notice the venation patterns on the leaf as well as its color and size. The leaves are green on the upper surfaces and whitish with downy hairs on the undersides. Oak wilt is a fungal disease that affects oak trees. This oak tree has large, 6- to 12-inch-wide leaves with five to nine lobes separated by deep sinuses. In North America, oak trees are split into two main groups: "red oak" and "white oak". We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. There is much more to identifying tree leaves than just by their shape. Some oak trees have leaves that stay on the tree year-round (evergreen) and others have leaves that drop during dormancy (deciduous), plus they all bear the … Red and eastern white pines can be found in the southern half where the forests change from northern hardwood type to old growth pine forests. This is a beginner identification video that shows how to identify several common North American trees by their bark during autumn and wintertime. While red oaks are extremely susceptible to oak wilt, white oak trees are much more resistant. We are more than willing to you determine whether the time of year is right. Many of us can identify a maple or oak tree by looking at its leaves. Oak: Black, Bur, Northern Red, Pin, Swamp White, White. Although wounding in oaks may be accidental such as severe storms breaking branches or animals scratching or pecking into the bark, oak wilt is most preventable if pruning ceases in spring and summertime. Many types of oak can also cross with other types, so there is great potential for new species of oak to be reported and characterized. Learn How to Use a Tree ID Key! The Michigan Department of Natural Resources recommends avoiding oak pruning between April 15th and July 15th. The Michigan Department of Natural Resources recommends avoiding oak pruning between April 15th and July 15th. Then the other page gives hints about the particular tree so that you can identify it. P.O. The white oak’s ¾- to 1-inch-wide, tan-brown acorns have bowl-like caps with raised, warty scales and begin to fall off the tree in September until October. Oak trees come in two major prototypes — red oak trees and white oak trees. The white oak (Q. alba) is found growing in full sun and moist, well-draining soils throughout Michigan. Written and illustrated in a style that appeals to botanists, ecologists, and amateur naturalists alike, Michigan Trees gives readers everything they need to know for identifying the trees of the Great Lakes. Willow: Black . Identifying Characteristics and Size: The sawtooth oak grows to around 60 feet tall and 60 feet across. ... Northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra): This deciduous tree is a native tree of North America and can range in height from 92 to 141 feet tall with a trunk that is 20 to 39 inches in diameter. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! The Trees of Michigan Field Guide is really handy to use. As its name implies, the swamp white oak (Q. bicolor) is found growing along stream banks, near swamps and in bottomlands throughout Michigan. The leaves are divided into five lobes by deep sinuses, starting as medium-green in summer and turning copper or reddish in autumn. The white oak’s canopy starts out pyramidal in shape, becoming more rounded with age. Pine: Austrian, Eastern White, Jack, Red, Scotch. Oak trees are one of the most majestic trees in Michigan. Now in its tenth decade of publication, Michigan Trees is the must-have reference book for anyone who wants to learn about the trees of this unique North American region. Nuts from the common hickory trees are sweet. The swamp white oak grows 50 to 80 feet tall with a 1- to 3-foot diameter trunk and produces 1 ½- to 3-inch-long acorns that have cups without fringe. Today, the white oak faces a challenge: oak wilt. The white oak’s ¾- to 1-inch-wide, tan-brown acorns have bowl-like caps with raised, warty scales and begin to fall off the tree in September until October. Significance. These are considered “hard mast” because the outer shell of the acorn is hard, with a seed found enclosed inside. Swamp white oaks also have distinctive dark brown bark on their branches, which peels off and curls to reveal lighter-colored inner bark. The incidence of oak wilt has greatly increased in Michigan in recent years. If the site is upland, it’s probably white spruce. Tree Leaf Identification. The genus is native to the northern hemisphere and includes deciduous and some evergreen species extending from cold latitudes to tropical Asia and the Americas. The more trees you know, the easier it is to learn more. The red fruit is an important food for many species of wildlife. The bark of a white oak is light gray in color. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Pin oak fruits image by Elzbieta Sekowska from, Red oak tree in autumn with blue sky and white cloud image by Freshwater Seas from, Michigan State University: Identifying Trees of Michigan, Arbor Day Foundation: Tree Guide – Quercus. As the name implies, oak wilt causes leaves of affected trees to wilt and turn brown. Poplar: Balsam, White. There are 15 counties in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. The tallest tree currently in Michigan is actually a red maple, claiming the title after an old growth eastern white pine fell. The pin oak (Q. palustris) grows 60 to 70 feet tall with a 25- to 40-foot spread and a distinctly pyramidal canopy. Although these dates are arbitrary, it does remind us that during this time of year oak trees are most susceptible to become infected with the oak wilt fungus. Reaching a mature height of 45 to 75 feet and spread of 45 feet, the Northern red oak (Q. rubra) is often grown in urban environments throughout Michigan as a shade tree. Daylight savings, melted snow, brown grass turning green, tree buds swelling—these are all wonderful signs that spring is (hopefully) here. Saved by Michigan Arbor Day Alliance. One interesting fact is how long each tree might live. U.P. Swamp Chestnut Oak Leaf, Scientific Name: Quercus michauxii. The number-one book for tree identification in Michigan and the Great Lakes . Along this particular stretch of interstate, most trees stand near the occasional farmhouse, whose initial inhabitants probably did not imagine a future front porch view of this gray slash of asphalt along which I hurtle. Box 601 Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. Slow-growing and long-living, the bur oak (Q. macrocarpa) reaches about 70 to 80 feet in height and width at maturity. The species of trees most commonly harvested in Michigan are: Deciduous Trees, American Beech, American Basswood,Hard Maple, Aspen, Red Oak, Black Cherry,Black Walnut,Cedar,Red Pine, Greater Michigan Timber Management. The bur oak tree is found growing in a wide range of soil and moisture conditions in Michigan, but it grows best in full sunlight. An example of an oak leaf with smooth margins is white oak (Quercus alba), a tree of noble proportions hardy in USDA zones 3 through 9. This oak tree has 4- to 8-inch-long, dark green leaves with seven to 11 waxy, spine-tipped lobes. have the leaf margins incised to form lobes of varying depths. Some can only be distinguished by looking at the \"hairs\" on their stems, or the color of their acorn caps, or the number and shape of lobes on their leaves. Found growing on slopes, ridges and dry upland areas in Michigan, the black oak has yellowish to orange inner bark, which was once used as a source for yellow dyes. This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals. Its broad branches start very low on the trunk, giving it the appearance of a giant shrub. The pin oak is known for its tolerance of wet soils and moderate flooding. Spruce: Black, Norway, White. 1k. As the temperature in Michigan slowly begins to increase, the time approaches to discourage pruning oak (Quercus) trees. Tree identification is a matter of knowing what characteristics to look for and where the tree is growing—its home place in the landscape. The 6-13 … There is a photo on one page with additional little photos of the bark, cone and so on. The bark of a mature tree is dark gray to dark brown in color with deep ridges and a rough texture and appearance. If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. Sarah Terry brings over 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and a plethora of how-to articles. If you need assistance in identifying your oak tree, please send pictures of the oak leaf, bud, twig, bark and whole tree to KimB@integritytree.com along with your name and phone number. Glenn Ross Images/Getty Images. The Northern red oak blooms in pale yellowish-green catkins at the same time the leaves … The pin oak tree produces ½-inch-long, round acorns with thin, saucer-shaped cups that have tight, small scales. 1321 Robert C Byrd Dr. Works well as a lawn tree or screen taper to a point,... To 12-inch-wide leaves with irregular, wavy, rounded teeth the Northern Hemisphere which includes North America more rounded age... 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