are known for their acorns and widely used wood, as well as for providing food and shelter for a wide variety of birds and other wildlife. Welcome to the Michigan A-Z native species list. Michigan has five species of oak. For diagrams and information, please look in the PDF available. Integrity Tree Services also provides extensive plant health care through our Tree & Shrub Care division as well as servicing many residential needs for tree removal and stump grinding. Oak trees (Quercus spp.) Thorn: Variable. Poison oak is not a variety of oak, but is a variety of sumac. Tulip Tree. The bur oak tree is found growing in a wide range of soil and moisture conditions in Michigan, but it grows best in full sunlight. Tree Leaf Identification. The leaf margins can be smooth or have teeth toward the lobe ends. Reaching a mature height of 45 to 75 feet and spread of 45 feet, the Northern red oak (Q. rubra) is often grown in urban environments throughout Michigan as a shade tree. The acorns on a white oak have a warty cup, which is the top of the acorn. There is much more to identifying tree leaves than just by their shape. Therefore, why between the dates April 15th through July 15th should oak trees remain undisturbed? Small tree well-known for its white flowers in spring. Reaching a mature height of 45 to 75 feet and spread of 45 feet, the Northern red oak (Q. rubra) is often grown in urban environments throughout Michigan as a shade tree. Growing 50 to 80 feet tall and wide, the white oak is a large, stately tree with a short, stocky trunk and large horizontal branches. Japanese Evergreen Oak (Q. acuta) – The smallest of the oak trees, the Japanese evergreen grows 20 to 30 feet tall (6-9 m.) and up to 20 feet wide (6 m.). It is fatal for red oaks, including northern red oak, pin oak, scarlet oak and black oak. Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. The Michigan Department of Natural Resources recommends avoiding oak pruning between April 15th and July 15th. It typically is scaly or has thick ridges but can be quite variable between trees. In North America, oak trees are split into two main groups: "red oak" and "white oak". The northern red oak (Quercus rubra), growing in USDA zones 3 through 8, has … The leaves turn vibrant red in autumn. Poplar: Balsam, White. Oak trees (Quercus spp.) Found growing on slopes, ridges and dry upland areas in Michigan, the black oak has yellowish to orange inner bark, which was once used as a source for yellow dyes. The incidence of oak wilt has greatly increased in Michigan in recent years. As the temperature in Michigan slowly begins to increase, the time approaches to discourage pruning oak (Quercus) trees. DOWNLOAD FILE Also, the margins of these leaves can be smooth, serrated, notched, or lobed. If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. Sassafras. It prefers the warm coastal areas of the Southeast, but it will grow inland in protected areas. Growing 60 to 80 feet tall with a 2- to 3-foot-diameter trunk, the black oak tree (Quercus velutina) has thick, leathery and shallow lobes that are widest toward the bristly tips. 1k. If you’re thinking of planting oak trees on your property, depending on your soil type and landscape environment, we strongly recommend planting white oak trees since you will have a
better chance of having oak trees with long lives. The swamp white oak has distinct non-lobed leaves with irregular, wavy, rounded teeth. Redbud. The genus is native to the northern hemisphere and includes deciduous and some evergreen species extending from cold latitudes to tropical Asia and the Americas. I love that there are so many Oak species! This oak tree has 4- to 8-inch-long, dark green leaves with seven to 11 waxy, spine-tipped lobes. Michigan Cedar Tree Facts. Crab Orchard, WV 25827, Mailing Address: Nearly 50 percent of Michigan’s land area is covered by forest vegetation, and six different species of oak trees are found growing natively in forests and planted in landscapes throughout the state. Although these dates are arbitrary, it does remind us that during this time of year oak trees are most susceptible to become infected with the oak wilt fungus. This is a beginner identification video that shows how to identify several common North American trees by their bark during autumn and wintertime. Saved by Michigan Arbor Day Alliance. Sarah Terry brings over 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and a plethora of how-to articles. As the temperature in Michigan slowly begins to increase, the time approaches to discourage pruning oak (Quercus) trees. When trying to identify a tree by its leaves, you can also notice the venation patterns on the leaf as well as its color and size. The white oak (Q. alba) is found growing in full sun and moist, well-draining soils throughout Michigan. Remember to always trim your Oak trees in the late fall or early spring to prevent the spread of oak wilt! Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Oak trees come in two major prototypes — red oak trees and white oak trees. Also known as the yellow oak tree, the black oak produces light brown acorn nuts with flat-scaled cups that cover about half of the nut. Sycamore. Oak is part of the common name of about 400 species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus, from the Latin for "oak tree." An oak tree is one of the most common species of trees in the Northern Hemisphere which includes North America. After all, once an oak (depending on the type of oak) is infected with oak wilt, unless treated immediately, it is likely to die within a few months to a few weeks. Oak trees are considered “mast” trees – which mean the produce a fruit – specifically acorns. Not all oak trees are extremely susceptible to oak wilt. The pin oak (Q. palustris) grows 60 to 70 feet tall with a 25- to 40-foot spread and a distinctly pyramidal canopy. This oak tree has 4- to 8-inch-long, dark green leaves with seven to 11 waxy, spine-tipped lobes. Crab Orchard, WV 25827. A broad-leafed tree in a swamp will likely be black ash or one of the elms. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Pin oak fruits image by Elzbieta Sekowska from, Red oak tree in autumn with blue sky and white cloud image by Freshwater Seas from, Michigan State University: Identifying Trees of Michigan, Arbor Day Foundation: Tree Guide – Quercus. The Michigan Department of Natural Resources recommends avoiding oak pruning between April 15th and July 15th. It has a shrubby growth habit and works well as a lawn tree or screen. Here is a list of some common oak tree diseases and one that may be on its way. Daylight savings, melted snow, brown grass turning green, tree buds swelling—these are all wonderful signs that spring is (hopefully) here. Young trees are shade tolerant, but this oak does best in full sunlight. Spruce: Black, Norway, White. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. When identifying oak trees, you may find some trees and shrubs are called oaks although they are not part of the same genus as oak trees. Oak trees have more of a chance by prevention of infection and a part of prevention is sharing knowledge about oak wilt. Hickory Tree Identification. Red and eastern white pines can be found in the southern half where the forests change from northern hardwood type to old growth pine forests. U.P. Black and white spruce can be difficult to distinguish by needle appearance, but if it’s in a lowland site, it’s probably black spruce. The Bur Oak should live between 150 and 250 years! Its broad branches start very low on the trunk, giving it the appearance of a giant shrub. Oak: Black, Bur, Northern Red, Pin, Swamp White, White. The red fruit is an important food for many species of wildlife. The best way to identify hickory trees is by their bark, leaves, and nuts. Glenn Ross Images/Getty Images. At the W.K. Swamp white oaks also have distinctive dark brown bark on their branches, which peels off and curls to reveal lighter-colored inner bark. Quercus: The Oak Trees of Michigan I love being able to identify trees in my backyard. While red oaks are extremely susceptible to oak wilt, white oak trees are much more resistant. If the site is upland, it’s probably white spruce. Found growing on slopes, ridges and dry upland areas in Michigan, the black oak has yellowish to orange inner bark, which was once used as a source for yellow dyes. Willow: Black . Flowering Dogwood: 50: 15-30' well-drained: 4: full sun, partial shade : wildlife habitat & food & cover: Gray dogwood: Medium size wildlife shrub with clusters of white flowers in spring and white fruit in fall. Walnut: Black. With so many Michigan trees, it is important to keep your trees (and your shrubs) cared for. As indestructible as these trees may seem, they can also catch deadly diseases that can bring them down. This oak tree has large, 6- to 12-inch-wide leaves with five to nine lobes separated by deep sinuses. These sentinel trees can live for centuries, providing shade, clean air, and can even increase the value of your yard. White oaks are affected but may survive. Michigan climate does indeed vary greatly. Red oaks tend to have darker bark, and lobed leaves that come to a point; white oaks tend to have lighter bark, and leaves with rounded lobes. As its name implies, the swamp white oak (Q. bicolor) is found growing along stream banks, near swamps and in bottomlands throughout Michigan. Slow-growing and long-living, the bur oak (Q. macrocarpa) reaches about 70 to 80 feet in height and width at maturity. If you buy one tree guide this year, this should be it. A Tree With Leaves Taxonomy List for the USA A Tree Without Leaves Michigan Forest History The white oak’s ¾- to 1-inch-wide, tan-brown acorns have bowl-like caps with raised, warty scales and begin to fall off the tree in September until October. We have included the various common names associated with each scientific name to help you find the right tree. P.O. The white oak’s ¾- to 1-inch-wide, tan-brown acorns have bowl-like caps with raised, warty scales and begin to fall off the tree in September until October. The leaves of this oak tree are simple, 10-28 cm long and 5-18 cm broad, with 15-20 lobe-like, rounded simple teeth on each side. All Rights Reserved. Many types of oak can also cross with other types, so there is great potential for new species of oak to be reported and characterized. The Northern red oak blooms in pale yellowish-green catkins at the same time the leaves … The species of trees most commonly harvested in Michigan are: Deciduous Trees, American Beech, American Basswood,Hard Maple, Aspen, Red Oak, Black Cherry,Black Walnut,Cedar,Red Pine, Greater Michigan Timber Management. Learn How to Use a Tree ID Key! This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. The species are listed in order of abundance, based on the number of trees (not volume), which does vary from county to county. Written and illustrated in a style that appeals to botanists, ecologists, and amateur naturalists alike, Michigan Trees gives readers everything they need to know for identifying the trees of the Great Lakes. If you need assistance in identifying your oak tree, please send pictures of the oak leaf, bud, twig, bark and whole tree to KimB@integritytree.com along with your name and phone number. The swamp white oak grows 50 to 80 feet tall with a 1- to 3-foot diameter trunk and produces 1 ½- to 3-inch-long acorns that have cups without fringe. Some oak trees have leaves that stay on the tree year-round (evergreen) and others have leaves that drop during dormancy (deciduous), plus they all bear the … Identifying Characteristics and Size: The sawtooth oak grows to around 60 feet tall and 60 feet across. Today, the white oak faces a challenge: oak wilt. Along this particular stretch of interstate, most trees stand near the occasional farmhouse, whose initial inhabitants probably did not imagine a future front porch view of this gray slash of asphalt along which I hurtle. Reaching a mature height of 45 to 75 feet and spread of 45 feet, the Northern red oak (Q. rubra) is often grown in urban environments throughout Michigan as a shade tree. Nearly 50 percent of Michigan’s land area is covered by forest vegetation, and six different species of oak trees are found growing natively in forests and planted in landscapes throughout the state. Mostly, the trees are bare; in Michigan, spring staggers in late and lasts a minute. Oak trees are one of the most majestic trees in Michigan. Important food and cover for wildlife. The leaves are reddish-pink when they first emerge in the spring, turning gray, dark-green and bluish-green in summer, then brownish to deep red or burgundy in autumn. The more trees you know, the easier it is to learn more. Simple clues in identifying what type of oak tree you have are red oaks have pointed lobes and white oaks have rounded lobes. Ovate-shaped tree leaves can be rounded, elongated, or taper to a point. Most people know what an oak tree is, and can probably even identify at least one type of oak tree when they see it. Some can only be distinguished by looking at the \"hairs\" on their stems, or the color of their acorn caps, or the number and shape of lobes on their leaves. The bark of a mature tree is dark gray to dark brown in color with deep ridges and a rough texture and appearance. An example of an oak leaf with smooth margins is white oak (Quercus alba), a tree of noble proportions hardy in USDA zones 3 through 9. This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. May 15, 2014 - Posts about Michigan DNR written by Hiking Michigan The leaves are green on the upper surfaces and whitish with downy hairs on the undersides. As the name implies, oak wilt causes leaves of affected trees to wilt and turn brown. The white oak’s canopy starts out pyramidal in shape, becoming more rounded with age. Find the right tree looking at its leaves should be enabled at times. 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