The damson is broadly similar to the semi-wild bullace, also classified as ssp. Most cooks then remove the stones, but others, either in order not to lose any of the pulp or because they believe the flavour is better, leave the stones in the final product. The damson or damson plum (Prunus domestica subsp. Plants for his grandsons.”[citation needed]. The tree blossoms with small, white flowers in early April in the Northern hemisphere and fruit is harvested from late August to September or October, depending on the cultivar. [13] Elsewhere damsons were used in orchards to protect less hardy trees, though orchards entirely composed of damson trees were a feature of some areas, notably the Lyth Valley of Westmorland and the Teme Valley in the Malverns, and indeed damsons were the only plum planted commercially north of Norfolk.[14]. No currant wine can equal it."[53]. All these have their uses, so the final choice is usually a personal one. Damson plums are mostly grown in the United Kingdom as well as a few California orchards and harvested in the late summer and fall. Some varieties of damson, however, such as "Merryweather", are sweet enough to eat directly from the tree, and most are palatable raw if allowed to fully ripen. [5], The name damson comes from Middle English damascene, damesene, damasin, damsin,[6] and ultimately from the Latin (prunum) damascenum, "plum of Damascus". Damsons do take a long time to bear fruit, as the ancient rhyme has it:- We do not meet with it abroad, nor is any mention of it made in any of the pomological works or nurseryman's catalogues on the Continent". • https://www.thespruceeats.com/low-sugar-fresh-fruit-jam-recipes-1135422 Similar to the Shropshire Prune and possibly part of the same, 'Frogmore' is a cultivar first grown in the 19th century in the Royal Gardens at, 'King of the Damsons' (syn. An Error 522 means that the request was able to connect to your web server, but that the request didn't finish. A type of damson once widely grown in County Armagh, Ireland, was never definitely identified but generally known as the Armagh damson; its fruit were particularly well regarded for canning. [11] As time progressed, a distinction developed between the varieties known as "damascenes" and the (usually smaller) types called "damsons", to the degree that by 1891 they were the subject of a lawsuit when a Nottinghamshire grocer complained about being supplied one when he had ordered the other. (I had 4 cups of plum juice, 4 cups of sugar and 2tsp of citric acid) They have thick, dark blue, bloomy skins that are rich in acrid tasting tannins. According to Damson plum tree information, fresh Damson plums (Prunus insititia) are bitter and unpleasant, so Damson plum trees aren’t recommended if you want to eat sweet, juicy fruit straight off the tree.However, when it comes to jams, jellies and sauces, Damson plums are pure perfection. Apart from being eaten with bread toast, yummy damson jelly is a great compliment to roasted meat too! [3] Damsons are relatively small ovoid plum-like fruit with a distinctive, somewhat astringent taste, and are widely used for culinary purposes, particularly in fruit preserves and jams. This recipe doesn’t even require making a simple syrup. Crecipe.com deliver fine selection of quality Damson pie recipes equipped with ratings, reviews and mixing tips. Then use for: Damson Plum Cordial. It’s rich flavour and deep colour make it a perfect jam to enjoy in the autumn and beyond. These tart plums taste excellent when transformed into jams and other damson preserves. Damson Plum Preserves. The flavour matures and improves over time. They are high in sugar and, at the same time, somewhat bitter and are an especially good plum variety for jams and preserves. It was regarded as thriving better in the continental United States than other European plum varieties; many of the earliest references to European plums in American gardens concern the damson. • It has good texture and taste. The recipe can also be used to make damson vodka 30 mins . Additional troubleshooting information here. The damascenum described by Roman and Greek authors of late antiquity has more of the character of a sweet dessert plum, not fitting well to the damson plum. The main characteristic of the damson is its distinctive rich flavour; unlike other plums it is both high in sugars and highly astringent. Damson Jelly. Vegan . They are, however, commonly used to make jams and to produce an alcoholic beverage known as slivovitz. Usually, the skin of a damson plum is highly acidic. The higher the temperature, the thicker the syrup, and so the more viscous it is, obviously. [4] The name "mountain damson" or "bitter damson" was also formerly applied in Jamaica to the tree Simarouba amara. To every cup of sugar add 1/2 tsp of citric acid. Although the majority of damson varieties are blue-black or purple in colour, there are at least two now-rare forms of "white damson", both having green or yellow-green skin. [10] Despite this, tests on cherry plums and damsons have indicated that it is possible that the damson developed directly from forms of sloe, perhaps via the round-fruited varieties known as bullaces, and that the cherry plum did not play a role in its parentage. Damsons are relatively small ovoid plum-like fruit with a distinctive, somewhat astringent taste, and are widely used for culinary purposes, particularly in fruit preserves and ja… • If you can't find damson or prune plums, substitute the slightly sweeter red or black plums and use 2 tablespoons lemon juice in place of wine (for greater acidity). They can also be pickled, canned, or otherwise preserved. The Luxembourg speciality quetschentaart is a fruit pie made with insititia plums.[50]. [citation needed], The skin of the damson can have a very tart flavour, particularly when unripe (the term "damson" is often used to describe red wines with rich yet acidic plummy flavours). There are still relatively few varieties of damson, with The Garden recording no more than "eight or nine varieties" in existence at the end of the 19th century;[23] some are self-fertile and can reproduce from seed as well as by grafting. Reduce the heat to moderately low and simmer the plums gently, uncovered, till the fruit is clear and the syrup thick, 30 to 40 minutes. Bowerbank, "The Commercial Quassia, or Bitterwood", Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication, "Biodiversity of Yeasts During Plum Fermentation", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Damson&oldid=989993603, Articles with dead external links from September 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. To confuse matters, the White Bullace was in the past sold in London markets under the name of "white damson". There is a body of anecdotal evidence that damsons were used in the British dye and cloth manufacturing industries in the 18th and 19th centuries, with examples occurring in every major damson-growing area (Buckinghamshire, Cheshire, Westmorland, Shropshire and Worcestershire). [12], In addition to providing fruit, the damson makes a tough hedge or windbreak, and it became the favoured hedging tree in certain parts of the country such as Shropshire and Kent. The fruit of the damson can also be identified by its shape, which is usually ovoid and slightly pointed at one end, or pyriform; its smooth-textured yellow-green flesh; and its skin, which ranges from dark blue to indigo to near-black depending on the variety (other types of Prunus domestica can have purple, yellow or red skin). It ripens in the third/fourth week of September. Damsons are my favourite members of the plum family. He who plants damsons The main characteristic of the damson is its distinctive rich flavour; unlike other plums it is both high in sugars and highly astringent. insititia, which is a smaller but invariably round plum with purple or yellowish-green skin. (First fruit from this tree): 1. Get one of our Damson plums recipe and prepare delicious and healthy treat for your family or friends. I was overjoyed to find them in my local Borough Market a few years ago … Bottle up a taste of autumn with our homemade damson gin. However, a 2005 report for conservancy body English Nature could find no documentary evidence within the dyeing industry that damsons were ever a source of dye, noting that use of natural dyes declined rapidly after the 1850s,[16] and concluded that "there seems no evidence that damsons were used extensively or techniques [for using them] developed". Stir mixture over low heat until sugar is dissolved. The interior has a low flesh to seed ratio, with a somewhat dry texture. Plums, gages and damsons are all stone fruits that thrive in sheltered, warm gardens. 'Prune Damson', 'Long Damson', 'Damascene', 'Westmoreland Damson', 'Cheshire Damson') is a very old variety; its blue-purple, ovoid fruit has a distinctively "full rich astringent" flavour considered superior to other damsons, and it was thought particularly suitable for canning. An Error 522 means that the request was able to connect to your web server, but that the request didn't finish. Cook for ~35 minutes -- … Gluten-free . I know it’s too late for this Holiday season (although some recipes age for only 1 month), but if you can get the plums you’ll be able to enjoy this liqueur in the cold, bleak days of winter. While the taste of damsons can be a little tart and plain, lacking the sweetness and juiciness of a plum, when made into jam they take on a whole new level of loveliness! Damson slump. They end up with a deep, rich taste and amazing texture that will completely blow you away. [52] Damson wine was once common in England: a 19th-century reference said that "good damson wine is, perhaps, the nearest approach to good port that we have in England. Varieties of insititia are found across Europe, but the name damson is derived from and most commonly applied to forms that are native to Great Britain. Description/Taste Blue Damson plums are a small variety approximately the size of a large cherry. Good appetite! Damson gin is made in a similar manner to sloe gin, although less sugar is necessary as the damsons are sweeter than sloes. Easy . [22] Most individual damson varieties can be conclusively identified by examining the fruit's stone, which varies in shape, size and texture. Bring to a boil over medium-high heat. The plums themselves were nothing extraordinary. Damsons are the most delicious plum to cook with. Varieties of insititia are found across Europe, but the name damson is derived from and most commonly applied to forms that are native to Great Britain. Damson stones have been found in an excavation in Hungate, York, and dated to the late period of Anglo-Saxon England. [3] Robert Hogg commented that "the Damson seems to be a fruit peculiar to England. The historical link between the Roman-era damascenum and the north and west European damson is rather tenuous despite the adoption of the older name. It had a mealy texture and acid flavour, and by the 1940s it was no longer planted. EUROPEAN PLUMS . [20] The fruit of the damson can also be identified by its shape, which is usually ovoid and slightly pointed at one end, or pyriform; its smooth-textured yellow-green flesh; and its skin, which ranges from dark blue to indigo to near-black depending on the variety (other types of Prunus domestica can have purple, yellow or red skin). The fruits have a similar seasonal period, and are at their best in August and September, but can often be found in October too. But the resulting jam is filled with a rich fruityness that, if I hadn’t actually made the stuff, I’d never guess it … And the more viscous it is, the more it will cling to, for example, vanilla or nut ice-cream, duck, venison or anything else you would like to glaze with the rich flavour of damson. In a large stainless-steel or enameled saucepan, combine the sugar and water and stir till the sugar dissolves. The damson was introduced into the American colonies by English settlers before the American Revolution. 'Common Damson' (syn. Slightly tart, not very flavorful, nothing like a regular plum which can be incredibly succulent and juicy. The most likely cause is that something on your server is hogging resources. Learn how to cook great Damson plums . Learn how to cook great Damson pie . There is a bit of work involved in washing, drying and pitting the plums, but the prep time is worth it! A limited number of damson stones left in jam is supposed to impart a subtle almond flavour,[51] though as with all plums damson stones contain the cyagenic glycoside amygdalin, a toxin. Thus, damson plums are rarely eaten as-is. Cardamom adds an unusual and subtle … Related recipe search ... Last week I made 2 batches damson plum preserves, 3 days apart, from damson tree in my yard. Performance & security by Cloudflare. Vibrant - The first European plum to be harvested, the Vibrant is a beautiful plum with a violet-blue skin and amber flesh. The initial connection between Cloudflare's network and the origin web server timed out. To do this, cut each plum on the side along the stone, but take care not to half them completely. 4 ratings 3.3 out of 5 star rating. In South and Southeast Asia, the term damson plum sometimes refers to jamblang, the fruit from a tree in the family Myrtaceae. [7] One commonly stated theory is that damsons were first cultivated in antiquity in the area around the ancient city of Damascus, capital of modern-day Syria, and were introduced into England by the Romans. insititia is still extremely debatable: it is often thought to have arisen in wild crosses, possibly in Asia Minor, between the sloe, Prunus spinosa, and the cherry plum, Prunus cerasifera. Written by Phil Brown, Badger Bushcraft blog Tuesday, 26 November 2013 14:15 Readers of our bushcraft blog seem to be very keen jam makers during the jam making season with some of the wild fruits that … Pruin ', are sometimes described as damson varieties completing requests this damson and apple will! Is, obviously White damson '' in my yard stone, but prep. Summer and fall prepare delicious and healthy treat for your family or friends shake wait! 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