There are many plants in the desert that can survive in a xeriscape garden or even in a glass terrarium. It’s commonly found alongside other desert plants such as Joshua trees, creosote bushes, and saltbush scrubs. Desert plants provide tangible proof that spectacular landscapes don’t require regular or frequent rainfall. Flowering shrubs are the backbone of any garden, offering privacy along a border, attracting pollinators, and providing color and interest for years. The spherical arrangement of the leaves allows it to funnel water down towards its root base. It is native to the western region of the United States, from the coast of Oregon down to Baja California. Botanists refer to wildflowers as “ephemerals”, meaning that they have extremely short life cycles and will only grow under the right conditions. … Jade plants are small shrubs that can also look like miniature trees. You might think that one desert would be the same as any other, but did you know that there are multiple types of deserts? The desert biome is characterized by sandy or stony soil, high temperatures, and little moisture. Here we are discussed about the list of the ten most mysterious desert … Other common names for this hardy desert plant are Mexican feathergrass, fine-leaved nassella, and fine-stem needlegrass. Desert plants thrive in hot, arid environments where they can survive with minimal rainfall. Here you will find varieties of flowering desert plants, heat-tolerant shrubs, trees, and various kinds of cacti. The ocotillo is a common desert shrub that bears striking red tubular-shaped flowers from its spiny, leaf-covered stem. Like many other succulents, the paddle plant is a monocarpic plant, which means that the plant will sprout a flower when it is about to reach the end of its lifecycle. The marble-like striations on the petals of this agave make it a favorite amongst modern landscapers. Well, that’s our topic today—desert island shrubs. These delightful flowers are also found in the Sonoran Desert and Great Basin Desert. However, it is the perfect addition to a xeriscape or drought-tolerant desert garden, because it is great for attracting birds and butterflies. The Mexican thread grass will sprout new leaves in the spring. Depending on the level of sunlight it receives, these plants can take on various colors ranging from blue-gray to pinkish yellow. 25 Desert Plants (With Pictures and Names) Various Desert Plants with Their Picture and Name Prickly Pear Cactus ( Opuntia) The Joshua Tree ( Yucca brevifolia) Curve Leaf Yucca ( Yucca gloriosa var. The ingenuity and variety of these many adaptations are explored in Desert Plant Survival and the Desert Food Chain. Learn about other amazing drought tolerant plants that hardly need any watering. This collection of desert landscaping plants includes perennials, cacti and shrubs that can be used as foundation plants for desert gardening. Bottlebrush plants thrive in hot, full sun and can endure minimal watering. Its contrasting white striations against its dark green leaves make it a popular houseplant and a trendy way to decorate your home or even office desk. Shrubs and grasses are suited to withstand the harsh dry winds of the desert, with some shrubs that can grow into the size of trees. Despite the common name Desert-willow, given because of its willow-like leaves, it is a member of the bignonia family, Bignoniaceae. You can plant them in sandy, well-draining soil in your yard or grow in pots. The Palo Verde is the “nurse” plant of the Saguaro cactus, as the two species are often found inhabiting the same areas. One of the most stunning flowering desert plants is the Mojave aster—also called the Mojave woody aster. It can take up to 60 years for a Joshua tree to mature, and it can live up to 150 years. You can also grow aloe vera indoors in pots. The lack of vegetation exposes the unprotected surface of the ground to the processes of denudation.About one-third of the land surface of the world is arid or semi … Creosote bush Creosotebush occurs throughout the Mojave, Sonoran, and Chihuahuan deserts. In a full-sun garden, these low-water desert plants don’t require much maintenance. To ensure your new shrub gets a good start, choose the right plant for the right place. Pictures of aloe vera growing in deserts show these fleshy-leafed plants growing in bone-dry, sandy soil surrounded by rocks. Tolerates heat and drought but occasional deep watering gives better flowering and faster growth. Desert plants have found a place in modern home and garden design. This species of palo verde tree usually grows to around 16 ft. (5 m) and has yellowish-green foliage. Pictures of these desert plants would seem to suggest that they belong to the family Aloe. From the popular ghost plant, to the architectural marvel of the crassula plant, there are so many varieties to choose from. Succulents. These flowering plants also bloom in the desert between April and June. The leaves sprout from a middle base from which they cascade outward and downward. The fox tail agave is one of the most popular agave plants for desert gardens. Annuals. These desert plants also look gorgeous as a small houseplant, in a rock garden, or an open terrarium. The large, round, fleshy leaves are a blue-green color with hints of red blushing on the edges. The round green cactus has yellow or white sharp spines, and the plant produces a crown of small yellow flowers. These large desert cacti can grow to between 16 and 23 ft. (5 – 7 m) and look similar to rabbit ears cactus. Its other common name is Russian thistle, indicating that it’s native to Russia as well as the western United States. These cacti are rare in deserts due to habitat destruction; however, they are excellent specimen plants growing in yards. Botanical, Latin, Scientific shrub names listed alphabetically; (or list by Common Name).The plant kingdom is divided and classified according to division, order, family, subfamily, genus, species and sub-species. The Golden Barrel cactus is fittingly named for its large, bulbous shape. The short, stumpy branches have spiky green leaves. Desert-willow, it is a small tree native to the southwestern United States and Mexico. The Joshua tree is the largest of the yucca species, and is scientifically known as Yucca brevifolia. Tumbleweeds form from many different types of desert plants. However, there’s good news — to preserve your paddle plant, simply snip off the stalk and replant! The slow-growing tree may take many years to reach that height. One interesting fact about this plant is that it can be medicinally used as a natural pain reliever. Like most plants that thrive in desert climates, this yucca variety grows in sandy soil and coastal dunes. Also known as Agave attenuata, this agave is commonly found in desert gardens and is a popular choice amongst landscapers. Brittlebush is one of the most common desert shrubs in the southern states and Mexico. Desert sage can thrive in high heat, nutrient-poor soil, and require little watering. It only needs watering about once a month, and if you’re lucky, the Zebra cactus will flower during the summer if given the proper living conditions throughout the year. Desert Plants Names and Pictures. It can be used as a border or as ground cover, and although it does reseed it isn’t aggressive and will not invade the garden. What are the best types of desert plants? Desert gardening can be a beautiful way to … As the scientific name of this desert plant suggests, this is a huge cactus. -- Desert flora have adapted to the extremes of heat and aridity by using both physical and behavioral mechanisms, much like desert animals. Cacti are the most common desert plants; however, succulents, desert trees, grasses, and types of small shrubs and flowering bushes all grow well in deserts. Common plants that survive desert climates are species of cacti such as the prickly pear, barrel cactus, or organ pipe cactus. Arizona Plants Guide. Among the most graceful Desert Southwest plants, yellow columbine is vigorous, heat-tolerant, and a lot tougher than it looks. This desert plant is also named greasewood, and it’s a flowering species of hardy plant native to arid deserts. Its dark green leaves form dense rosettes, with tips that curve and are lined with sharp teeth. These common desert plants found in the hot, barren landscapes of the southwest states and northern Mexico. Popular flowering desert plants and shrubs are the desert lily, California poppy, and aloe vera plants. Also known as Candlewood, the ocotillo can live a long life of 60 years, with studies suggesting that some can live well over 100 years. The desert succulent produces yellow waxy flowers. Fox tail agave thrives in hot arid climates of deserts in the southwest. Although these cacti grow up to 52 ft. (16 m), they are slow-growing plants. This is an excellent shrub for desert landscaping if you need a full-sun flowering ornamental plant. This formation evolved from the plant’s need to have the least amount of surface area exposed to the hot sun. Contrary to a common misconception that only a few plants are able to survive the harsh climate, the desert is one of the most bio … Some of the other common names of this desert plant include mother-of-pearl plant and sedum weinbergii. When new rosettes form at the tips of its stems,  its old leaves fall off. Desert succulents, including cacti, are the modern gardener’s best friends. You don't have to be a horticulture expert to have pleasant, colorful shrubs and bushes in your desert landscaped garden. The tree aloe is native to Africa, where it is the continent’s largest species of aloe. It is extremely drought-tolerant and thrives in hardiness zone 7. 1980), Cholla Series (Parker and Matyas 1981), Cactus Scrub - 44 (Küchler 1977), and Desert Cactus Scrub - 3.52 (Cheatham and Haller 1975). Bunny Ear cacti are available in both yellow and white spined varieties. The green trunk is due to the presence of chlorophyll. Many are treated as groups based on their taxonomy (for example legume trees) or ecology (such as annual wildflowers). The prickly pear cactus also flowers in deserts when conditions are right. Popular garden wildflowers include the California poppy, the desert sage, and the winecup. He helped me try to narrow down our list of must-have shrubs to the real standouts, and explain why which ones made the cut. The large disc flowers bloom from spring and right through the hottest months of the year. This is the result of the symbiotic relationship between the desert marigold and the desert marigold moth larvae, which envelops the flower into a cocoon. Several desert plants are perennial (you need to plant them only once), hardy, low care, relatively drought tolerant, easy to find, pretty cheap to buy, and provide lovely … Sow in a well-drained, warm … Once pollinated, it closes up and the seeds begin to develop into fruit, which sits on top of the cactus until pulled out. These large plants that live only in the desert can grow up to 6 ft. (1.8 m) tall. Upon first glance, it may seem that this cactus does not contain any spines. Popular desert plants include the Palo Verde tree, the Queen Victoria agave, the golden poppy, and the Mexican thread grass. Mark A. Dimmitt. The term xeriscape is derived from the Greek word xeros, which means “dry,” and is a form of landscaping that conserves water through the use of native plants. From terrariums to your garden, it seems that you can grow succulents almost anywhere. Top 5 Most Popular Trees, Shrubs, and Grasses. To help you identify the many desert plants there are, we created a compendium below of 127 of the most stunning desert plants and succulents. The extreme climate conditions cause the plant’s formation to be stripped down to just two leaves, which are fused together at its base where the root holds them together. You all know Ken, old friend, great gardener, and author and photographer of 20 award-winning garden books. Vines. Browse … But it's actually home to hundreds of plant species— including a variety of wildflowers, cacti, trees, shrubs, and grasses. The dry, barren stems become plump with moisture, lush leaves appear, and bright crimson flowers bloom. Its distribution extends from ... Mojave yucca Mojave yucca can be arborescent or shrublike, with single or clumped ... California juniper It occurs on desert slopes from the western edge of the Colorado Desert … Desert plants come in Pictures of desert palms gracing beaches are classic images of tropical beaches. Belonging to the same family as the daisy, this flower blooms nearly all year long from spring to fall, and thrives in hardiness zones 8-11. The clump of thick bluish-green leaves gives the large plant a spiky appearance. Desert wildflowers provide a refreshing pop of color in the dry desert landscape. The Joshua tree is a type of yucca plant that grows in the Mojave Desert. An illustrated guide to Southern California’s desert plants How to identify the spectacular succulents, cacti, and palms By Alissa Walker @awalkerinLA Updated Feb 11, 2020, 11:28am PST The ghost plant is probably one of the most popular succulent plants used today. Living stones, known as lithops, are a prime example of evolution at its best. In hotter summer regions, the flowers will die after blooming in early spring, and the plant will remain dormant for the remainder of the summer. Partial sun, or brightly-lit shade is best. Cacti, succulents, shrubs, and trees that tolerate hot temperatures during the day and cold at night. The desert sage is one of the most beautiful desert wildflowers. It is a tertiary ecosystem, meaning that it is found between tropical and desert landscapes, featuring mainly shrubs and isolated trees. While the sandy soil and rocky mountain ranges of a desert terrain may be varying shades of browns and reds and suffer harsh weather and extreme heat, desert flowers, shrubs and cacti provide stunning colors, … Groundcovers. These succulent leaves are packed with moisture to help them endure dry desert terrain. Due to their ease of care, and wide variety of shapes, sizes, and colors, the options for designing your home and garden with these trendy plants are endless. Growing Conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil. Some images and content courtesy of Mountain States Wholesale Nursery. Palo Verde; This popular desert tree is known for its striking green trunk and bright yellow flowers. It is amazing to see how such large trees have evolved to survive in the desert, with some species that can live for over 100 years! When choosing the right type of palms for a desert climate, it’s essential to consider sun exposure, humidity, and nighttime temperatures. A popular choice amongst modern landscapers, these succulents are widely used in drought-tolerant landscaping, or xeriscaping. Plants that grow in the desert names and pictures: For an Authentic Desert Garden. These sun-loving desert plants are an excellent choice of plant if you live in a desert climate. The plant has a thick trunk with branches that grow at the top. As long as you provide these drought-tolerant plants with good drainage, sandy soil, and sunshine, they will thrive for years. In the summer, if deprived too much of water, the grass may enter a dormant stage and continue its growth once temperatures cool down. These desert plants have colorful red flowers that contrast with the light green needle-like foliage. Desert dwellers prized these plants due to their large tasty fruits. As its name suggests, the yellow bells plant produces brightly-colored golden-yellow flowers in the shape of a funnel. Popular as a house plant, the Burro’s Tail succulent, bears long stems that are plaited with tear-dropped shaped leaves. This yucca variety is commonly grown as an ornamental plant in the southern U.S. states. In the wild, the Queen Victoria agave can live up to 15 years. Succulent stress can come in the form of many factors including the plant having too little water, being too cold, or being planted in nutrient-poor soil. The flowers grow in the shape of bottle brushes. Along with descriptions of these popular desert plants, pictures and their scientific names will help identify the best ones to grow in your yard. A Wonderful List of Desert Plants That are Good for Landscaping. Shrubs. These drought-tolerant plants grow well in gardens that get full sun and little shade. Featured Shrubs. In a garden setting, the majestic Palo Verde makes for a striking focal point and is a popular choice amongst xeriscape landscapers. Also check out their plant catalog. And you can do it by creating a living green wall of traditional shrubs or select something unusual, like a tall grass or edible plants, for your hedge. Grasses. Mature creosote bush plants can survive temperatures up to 160°F (70°C) and extreme drought. Native to the Mojave Desert, hence the common name, the plant produces large flowers similar to daisies. The flowering plants add a splash of yellow color in an arid, barren desert. These types of cactus spines are called glochids, and are nearly impossible to remove if caught in your clothing or skin. The globular, low-growing plant may eventually reach 3 ft. (1 m) in height. The Golden Barrel cactus is known for being slow-growing and can live for quite a long time. These common desert plants grow up to 16 ft. (5 m) and the thick-ribbed stems are covered in sharp spines. This shrub is native to the Sonoran desert where it prefers rocky terrain. The cacti are common plants found in states such as Arizona, Texas, New Mexico, and California. Some say that the delicious fruits from this plant taste better than watermelon. The thick stone-shaped leaves also allow the plant to store as much water as possible. Here we’ve outlined the top 5 most popular desert trees, shrubs, and grasses. The Sonoran Desert Region, as defined by the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, includes the Sonoran Desert and some surrounding areas.All of Sonora, the Baja California Peninsula, and the islands of the Gulf of … Yellow bells or yellow trumpetbush is a flowering desert shrub that is drought and heat tolerant. During springtime, you can witness the ghost plant producing bright yellow flowers. They all need full sun and can tolerate partial shade but they need at least 6 hours of full sun. Plants that grow well in sandy, arid soil. This perennial bears long thread-like leaves that feather at the ends. Beyond cacti, succulents, and wildflowers, the rest of the desert landscape is inhabited by trees, shrubs, and grasses. This drought-tolerant tree-like desert plant also has names such as yucca palm and palm tree yucca. Here we’ve outlined the top 5 most popular desert trees, shrubs, and grasses. Also known as red pancakes, the paddle plant’s funny nickname is derived from its large, bright red, disk-shaped leaves. Dry gardens take drought-tolerant plants and ones designed to live in hot dry arid places. Outside of the wild, it is popularly used as a bedding plant, or for hanging baskets where its long stems can cascade over the side. Trees play a very important role in the desert, as they are one of the tallest plant species and provide necessary shade and protection for other desert plants. The Ironwood tree is found only in the Sonoran Desert, in the dry areas below 2,500 ft. The whitestem paperflower is named for its delicate flower petals which dry into paper once the flower dies. With so many desert plants to choose from it can be difficult to identify which ones are the best for your home and garden. The Ocotillo, known as Fouquieria splendens also has many other names such as candlewood, coachwhip, desert coral, Jacob cactus, Jacob staff, and vine cactus. From the green Palo Verde tree, to the flowering ocotillo shrub, many of these plants are popular choices for desert garden landscapes. A desert is a barren area of landscape where little precipitation occurs and, consequently, living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life. Desert-Themed Names That Will Stand Out. A direct product of evolution, this is truly a fascinating plant to have in your succulent collection! This desert plant has lower leaves that curved backward and upper leaves that are long and stiff, which taper to a sharp point. Please include attribution to with this graphic.

Golden barrel cacti are slow growers that can live for up to 30 years. The saguaro cactus is the largest of any cactus to grow in the desert biome. Mexican feather grass is an ornamental grass that thrives in full sun and can survive desert drought. Shaped like a large rosette, it has a very distinguishing look that’s similar to an artichoke. However, the bluish-gray plant produces large white lily-like flowers—hence the common name desert lily. The Sonoran Desert is located in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico in North America.. At first glance, the desert may seem like an endless swath of lifeless land. With little maintenance, you can get beautiful yellow flowers throughout hot summers. As with most succulent and cacti, plant them in well-draining, sandy soil. will bloom all summer in California and in cooler coastal climates. This popular desert tree is known for its striking green trunk and bright yellow flowers. The whitestem paperflower is native to the southwestern United States and can be found in Southern California, Nevada, Utah, and New Mexico all the way to northern Mexico. Once the flowers bloom, they will quickly spread their seeds and a sea of colorful blooms will grow for a short period of time before the plants die. However, if you look closely, the fuzzy specks that adorn this cactus are actually small clusters of tiny little spines. The organ pipe cactus lives up to its name because of the long tubular succulent stems that look like a pipe organ. These succulents have evolved to seamlessly blend into their surroundings, and protect themselves from predators. These branches are covered with barbs that can be painful if they catch on your skin. The name marigold can be derived from its early association with the Virgin Mary, when this golden flower was deemed as “Mary’s Gold.” The desert marigold is native to the southwestern desert areas of the United States. There are over 500 species of aloe, with aloe vera being one of the most common. An iconic desert cactus is the prickly pear with green, pad-like succulent leaves that are covered in spines. You also don't have to be rich. The thick trunk grows to about 4 or 5 ft. (1.2 – 1.5 m) high. During dry seasons, the bushy plant loses its leaves and relies on moisture stored in its stems to survive hot desert climates. Bushes and Shrubs Listed by Scientific, Botanical or Latin Name. Desert plants can be classified into three main categories: Cacti and Succulents, Wildflowers, and Trees, Shrubs, and Grasses. The desert lily is a common desert plant in the Southwest and Mexico. The ball of light dry weed is the whole plant when it detaches from the root system. This fascinating tree is extremely slow-growing, and only grows about 2-3 inches a year. … This tree is so rare that it only grows in the Mojave desert. These hardy desert plants are a great addition to rock gardens or desert landscapes in full sun and hot, arid conditions. Other names for this desert-dwelling shrub are wild lilac, ash-bush, Texas silverleaf, and purple sage. Although these plants can grow in the shade, they need plenty of sunshine to help them thrive. Flowering shrubs are hot in the Desert Southwest. For shade in a Southwest desert landscape, you can grow the desert willow or species of acacia trees. Unlike many common desert trees, the tree aloe is fast-growing. It is commonly seen in washes and along riverbanks at elevations below 1500 meters in the Colorado … As with many desert plants, flowers appear after rainfall. Other Classifications-- Other names for Desert Succulent Shrub include Ocotillo Series (Paysen et al. Let’s look in more detail at common desert plants. HOURS: Monday – Friday 07:00am – 5:00pm Saturday 08:00am – 5:00pm Sunday 09:00am – 4:00pm Originating in southern Africa, where they receive less than 2 inches of rainwater a year, these plants are well adapted to dry climates. The Mexican thread grass is a popular choice amongst landscapers not only for its drought-tolerance, but for its tendency to be naturally pest-free. The female moth lays its eggs in the Joshua tree’s flowers where the hatched larvae eat the seeds to survive. Despite its common name Texas sage, the flowering plant isn’t related to the herb sage, Salvia. The Winecup is a perennial that bears cup-shaped flowers that range in color from light pink to deep magenta. Their tolerance for arid conditions is the reason why these plants hardly require watering indoors. These leaves grow in clumps at the end of the thick branches, giving the Joshua tree a barren appearance. It's quite the rage these days to choose a name that stands out from all the rest—so, using the desert as inspiration, I've made a list of names that may be a little different from … Desert Willow is a graceful, deciduous, shrubby tree 10-25 ft. tall and 10-15 ft. wide. So the next time you see that adorable succulent or unique cactus, you’ll definitely be able to identify it! This desert-loving plant is like a cross between a tree and a cactus. You can see every desert plants used some unnatural behavior to grow in such a harsh environment. Growing indoors, people put these potted plants in auspicious places as they are said to be plants that bring good luck. The yellow paloverde is a deciduous tree that loses its leaves in hot, dry seasons. Read More. Plant Combinations The desert offers a surprisingly diverse selection of low-water-use landscape plants. Most types of aloe plants grow in a rosette shape. Thus, desert plants have become popular for landscaping because they are easy to take care of due to their drought-tolerant capabilities. If you are looking for a maintenance-free low watering landscape then these are the plants you want to buy. cacti. The hot sun helps the leaves keep their color, and the fleshy leaves hold moisture. Then there’s the desert scrub biome (also known as a xeric shrubland): a place that’s still very dry, but also quite full of various shrubs … In their native habitat, the cacti are found in Arizona and Mexico in the Sonoran Desert. Yellow flowers bloom in the small clumps of dry foliage. The yellow flowers attract hummingbirds and butterflies and bloom almost continually if frequently deadheaded. To help you narrow down the many succulents choices that are out there, we’ve picked the top 10 most popular for your home and garden. "People think that because this is the desert, there's not a lot that blooms, but we can grow a lot of flowering shrubs," says Elizabeth Pryzgoda-Montgomery, an award-winning garden designer in Tucson. Although they have adapted to survive in such harsh climates, their bloom cycles are extremely sensitive and dependent on a variety of factors including frequency of rainfall during winter, moderate temperatures, wind, and elevation. Yucca plants are commonly found in many deserts, and they withstand hot sun and little water. The jumping cholla desert tree grows to about 13 ft. (4 m) high and produces pink and white flowers with lavender-colored markings. Plants in the desert have a different adaptive technique to match the climatic changes of the desert. Native to Arizona, Utah, California, and Nevada, the large sun-loving plant can grow as high as 50 ft. (15 m). How to Kill Spider Mites On Plants: Identification, Treatment and Prevention of Spider Mite Damage, How to Grow Garlic: The Ultimate Step By Step Guide, Types of Yucca Plants (With Pictures) - Identification Guide, Easy Perennials to Grow — Best Perennial Flowers (With Pictures), 25 Desert Plants (With Pictures and Names), The Best Desert Trees with Pictures and Names, Guide for Growing Colorful Grafted Moon Cactus. Scientifically known as Agave victoria-reginae, this agave is native to the Chihuahuan desert of Mexico. The thick, fleshy leaves store a lot of moisture, which helps the plant survive the desert ecosystem. They are popular for planting in hanging baskets, which allow the long stems to drape to the ground. Blending this distinctive palette of colors, forms, and textures allows you to create plant combinations to suit any landscape situation. This low-growing shrub helps brighten up desert landscape when it flowers. The thick columnar stem stores moisture that allows this plant to survive the driest of conditions. Place your Burro’s Tail out of direct sunlight, as the leaves will burn. Other names for this plant include vine cactus, desert coral, slim wood, and candlewood.