This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Physical activity of adult female rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) across the menstrual cycle. Epub 2016 Jul 25. Exercise induces two types of human luteal dysfunction: confirmation by urinary free progesterone. Epub 2008 Apr 22. 2014 Apr;71(4):322-9. doi: 10.1111/aji.12201. RR 00167 to the Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center and National Institute of Mental Health Grant No. Theriogenology. Singletary SJ, Kirsch AJ, Watson J, Karim BO, Huso DL, Hurn PD, Murphy SJ. 2020 Jan 1;105(1):185-93. doi: 10.1210/clinem/dgz030. However, longitudinal studies have been needed to examine individual susceptibility to exercise-induced reproductive dysfunction and to elucidate the progression of changes in reproductive function that occur with strenuous exercise training. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. 2014;1(2):4. doi: 10.15226/2374-6890/1/2/00108. The findings indicated that fluctuations in ovarian steroids are accompanied by behavioral changes in vervet monkeys. Lacreuse A(1), Verreault M, Herndon JG. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. These results support the use of vaginal impedance measurements as a help for the diagnosis of the periovulatory time in the female Rhesus monkey. The menstrual cycle length of cynomolgus macaques (28–32 days) is similar to that of humans (28–30 days) and do not exhibit seasoning menstrual cycle in contrast to rhesus macaques (Weinbauer et al., 2008). Physical exercise and menstrual cycle alterations. Changes in electrical impedance of the vaginal medium during the menstrual cycle were recorded in female Rhesus monkeys using electrical probe and were correlated with estradiol-17 beta and progesterone plasma concentrations. From day 26 of the first menstrual cycle to day 7 of the next menstrual cycle, the serum estradiol level decreased gradually and reached a minimum. NIH Micro-sections from ovaries of autopsied animals revealed large Graafian follicle formations often rupturing by day fourteen of the cycle. These included significant declines in plasma reproductive hormone concentrations, an increase in follicular phase length, and a decrease in luteal phase progesterone secretion. Many monkeys had a tendency to have their own individual and relatively regular cycles. 2009 Jan-Feb;16(1):50-9. doi: 10.1097/GME.0b013e31817ee0c2. 2008 Jul 1;70(1):1-14. doi: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2008.03.001. When 0.5 mg/ml PCP was self-administered, number of days of menstrual cycles ranged from 23–32 for … The drug, at dosages of 2, 4, or 12 mg/kg, was administered as a single im injection during the luteal phase (days 5–8) in 16 experiments in 8 monkeys. Data regarding the menstrual cycle of various Primates are summarized in Table II. The average length of the menstrual cycle in the mating season was 26.3 ±5.4 days. Epub 2007 Jan 30. Author information: (1)Division of Neuroscience, Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. The cyclical changes in sexual skin swelling and/or coloration were detected only in adolescent females. Female aggressive behaviour was studied in a heterosexual group of compound-housed rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) to determine (1) whether the frequency of agonistic encounters fluctuated across the menstrual cycle, and (2) if changes in aggression correlated with fluctuations in serum oestradiol (E2) and testosterone (T) levels or with increased social activity associated with mating … COX-1 immunostaining was mainly localized in the luminal epithelium and glandular epithelium near the lumen, and detected in all the stages during the menstrual cycle. Am J Reprod Immunol.  |  These data document a high level of interindividual variability in the development of exercise-induced reproductive dysfunction, delineate the progression of changes in reproductive hormone secretion that occur with exercise training, and illustrate an abrupt transition from normal cyclicity to an amenorrheic state in exercising individuals, that is not necessarily associated with weight loss. Hadzic SV, Wang X, Dufour J, Doyle L, Marx PA, Lackner AA, Paulsen DB, Veazey RS. 2. 2001 Nov;86(11):5184-93. doi: 10.1210/jcem.86.11.8024. We assessed the relationship between social behavior and the menstrual cycle in 11 adult female vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops sabaeus) living in an established, stable social group. The menstrual cycles of 14 captive Talapoin monkeys (Miopithecus talapoin) were studied by making serial observations on the vaginal smears and sexual skin swellings for up to 15 months. NIH The menstrual cycle length of cynomolgus macaques (28–32 days) is similar to that of humans (28–30 days) and do not exhibit seasoning menstrual cycle in contrast to … Estradiol Upregulates Kisspeptin Expression in the Preoptic Area of both the Male and Female Rhesus Monkey (Macaca mulatta): Implications for the Hypothalamic Control of Ovulation in Highly Evolved Primates. NLM 2007 Jun;292(6):E1520-5. sex behavior primate female menstrual cycle rhesus monkey This work (Publication No. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00497.2006. Mean hormonal concentrations followed patterns previously demonstrated in primates, with a typical late follicular phase estrogen peak preceeding the ovulatory LH and FSH surges. The menstrual cycle in the cynomolgus monkey consists of a 12-14 days follicular phase, a 3-day ovulatory phase, and a 14-16 days luteal phase [24]. Changes in electrical impedance of the vaginal medium during the menstrual cycle were recorded in female Rhesus monkeys using electrical probe and were correlated with estradiol-17 beta and progesterone plasma concentrations. Epub 2014 Feb 13. Length of the menstrual cycle ranged from 26–38 days with a modal value of 28 days. Nevertheless, in the model group monkeys, from day 19 (during which they had been isolated and restrained) until day 13 of the next menstrual cycle, the serum estradiol levels markedly decreased and then fluctuated at an obviously lower level. Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2017 Dec;15(6):577-587. doi: 10.1007/s11914-017-0412-x. Current Status of the Female Athlete Triad: Update and Future Directions. Nine normal cyclic monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) were separated into 3 groups; each group was force fed with a single National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Tsuchiya H, Ogonuki N, Yoshida T, Cho F, Yoshikawa Y, Ito M, Sankai T. Seier JV, Venter FS, Fincham JE, Taljaard JJ. Endocrinology (under submission) 2. RU-486 (RU), a synthetic steroid with antiprogesterone receptor activity, was used to study the role of progesterone in the normal menstrual cycle of rhesus monkeys. Twelve additional females remained singly caged (no physical contact allowed) and served as six control “pairs.” In both experimental and control pairs, one member had a history of regular menstrual cycles, …  |  COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Here, we use 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography to monitor changes in resting brain glucose metabolism across the menstrual cycle in female rhesus monkeys. The time spent training until amenorrhea developed varied widely among animals (7-24 months; mean = 14.3 +/- 2.2 months) and was not correlated with initial body weight, training distance, or food intake. GLP-compliant monkey study to estimate hormonal NOEL (Chenault et al., 1993): Female cynomolgus monkeys (8 normally cycling animals/dose; 5-11 years old) were orally-treated with melengestrol acetate over 3 consecutive menstrual cycles (up to 105 Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! USA.gov. [email protected] 1991 Jun;72(6):1350-8. doi: 10.1210/jcem-72-6-1350. Oestrous Cycle: 1. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. 6. 1990 Oct;10(4):218-35. doi: 10.2165/00007256-199010040-00002. Cross-sectional studies of exercise-induced reproductive dysfunction have documented a high proportion of menstrual cycle disturbances in women involved in strenuous exercise training. MH 21312. Lack of correlation of vaginal impedance measurements with hormone levels in the rat. Reproductive Dysfunction from the Stress of Exercise Training is not Gender Specific: The "Exercise-Hypogonadal Male Condition". Hormonal vaginal cytology of vervet monkeys. Williams NI, Helmreich DL, Parfitt DB, Caston-Balderrama A, Cameron JL. HHS Menstrual cycle phase was verified by calendar and radioimmunoassay of levels of luteinizing hormone and 17-beta estradiol. Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci. Beitins IZ, McArthur JW, Turnbull BA, Skrinar GS, Bullen BA. Almost all the monkeys had regular menstrual cycles only in the mating season, and had no menstrual cycles, or only irregular ones, in the non-mating season. The menstrual cycle in the cynomolgus monkey consists of a 12 to 14 day follicular phase, a 3-day ovulatory phase, and a 14 to 16 day luteal phase (Weinbauer et al., 2008). 1985 Feb;17(1):56-72. It consists of a short period of oestrous or heat (e.g., 12-24 hours in cow) followed by anoestrous or passive J Endocrinol Diabetes. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Working memory, assessed with the DMS task, was not consistently altered based on previously characterized menstrual cycle phases. Energy Availability Is Associated With Luteinizing Hormone Pulse Frequency and Induction of Luteal Phase Defects. De Souza MJ, Koltun KJ, Etter CV, Southmayd EA. Sports Med. First, the menstrual cycle of the female rhesus monkey is very similar to that described in women (Knobil, 1974, Knobil and Hotchkiss, 1988). Atypical estradiol secretion and ovulation patterns caused by luteal out-of-phase (LOOP) events underlying irregular ovulatory menstrual cycles in the menopausal transition.  |  What are the mechanisms? We conclude that in alcohol-naive female Macaque monkeys studied under controlled conditions, peak blood alcohol levels after a standard dose of alcohol do not vary as a function of phase of the menstrual cycle. The reversal of the impedance gradient's sign was nearly concomitant with the appearance of a detectable plasma progesterone concentration. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. It occurs in non-primates such as cows, dogs, etc. Changes in LH, FSH, estrogens and progesterone were monitored daily. 1. Twelve adult female crab-eating monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) were placed in six pairs of adjacent cages, allowing physical contact between members of these experimental pairs. 2001 Aug;26(6):623-39. Hale GE, Hughes CL, Burger HG, Robertson DM, Fraser IS. Fluctuations in spatial recognition memory across the menstrual cycle in female rhesus monkeys. Fourteen adult female rhesus monkeys were observed for 1 complete menstrual cycle, five of them for 2 cycles. Vaginal swabs for menstrual blood were performed 3 times/week to determine the stage of the reproductive cycle. Females of other species of placental mammal undergo estrous cycles, in which the endometrium is completely reabsorbed by the animal (covert menstruation) at the end of its reproductive cycle. 2017 Feb;47(2):207-220. doi: 10.1007/s40279-016-0583-0. Female does not permit copulation during menstrual phase of the cycle. Second, rhesus monkeys are capable of performing complex cognitive tasks (Washburn and Rumbaugh, 1991 Evidence for a causal role of low energy availability in the induction of menstrual cycle disturbances during strenuous exercise training. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. Impedance increased again during the first third of the luteal phase until day 21. 15-08 of the Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center) was supported by the following grants: National Institutes of Health Grant No. Vargas Trujillo M, Kalil B, Ramaswamy S, Plant TM. Across the menstrual cycle, significantly fewer errors were made in the SDR task during the LF phase, when E2 concentrations were high and P4 concentrations low. Slater J, Brown R, McLay-Cooke R, Black K. Sports Med. Comparison of the vaginal environment of Macaca mulatta and Macaca nemestrina throughout the menstrual cycle. Many zoologists regard this as different from a "true" menstrual cycle. menstrual cycle of the rhesus monkey. NLM This study investigated the estrogenic effect of Pueraria mirifica (P. mirifica) on menstrual cycle length and hormone-related ovarian function. Potential applications of electrical impedance techniques in female mammalian reproduction. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! For the concentration of 0.25 mg/ml PCP the range of days for the menstrual cycle was 25–29 days for monkey M-M; 23–28 days for M-L; and 23–28 days for M-P. USA.gov. In addtion, a comprehensive description of the receptor-mediated, hormone-driven morphological changes during the menstrual cycle in the cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis) is given. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. 2017;105(1):77-89. doi: 10.1159/000448520. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. Helmond FA, Simons PA, Hein PR 1980 The effects of progesterone on estrogen-induced luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone release in the female rhesus monkey HHS Consistent changes in function of the reproductive axis occurred abruptly, one to two menstrual cycles before the development of amenorrhea. Results showed greater activity in right lateral orbitofrontal cortex, a region involved in processing negatively valenced emotional stimuli, in the follicular compared with luteal phase.  |   |  2005 Nov;44(6):37-42. The aim of this study was to examine immunohistochemically the expression pattern of COX-1, COX-2, mPGES and cPGES proteins in the endometrium of the rhesus monkey during the menstrual cycle. Epub 2014 May 30. Please contact [email protected] for licensing and other business inquires. Using the female cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis), we documented changes in menstrual cyclicity and patterns of LH, FSH, estradiol, and progesterone secretion as the animals developed exercise-induced amenorrhea. An ultrasound study of the effect of chronic lead exposure on endometrial cycle changes in the female cynomolgus monkey. Menopause. Hunnell NA, Rockcastle NJ, McCormick KN, Sinko LK, Sullivan EL, Cameron JL. Academic Article Brachial artery endothelial function is stable across a menstrual and oral contraceptive pill cycle but lower in premenopausal women than in … As monkeys gradually increased running to 12.3 +/- 0.9 km/day, body weight did not change significantly although food intake remained constant. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. Using the female cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis), we documented changes in menstrual cyclicity and patterns of LH, FSH, estradiol, and progesterone secretion as the animals developed exercise-induced amenorrhea. The Menstrual Cycle of the Primates XI-The part played by Oestrogenic Hormone in the Menstrual Cycle BY S. ZUCKERMAN, Beit Memorial Research Fellow From the Department of Human Anatomy, Oxford (Communicated by W. Le Gros Clark, F.R.S.-Received 31 March ) [Pla 18] The following paper is a record of a series of experiments which were. In animals which undergo a sexual‐skin cycle the phase of swelling (folli‐cular phase) is generally longer and more variable than the phase of quiescence (luteal phase). Twelve of these females menstruated and the mean duration of their cycle was32–9 days … Neuroendocrinology. Distribution across Menstrual Cycle Mean hourly rates of female proceptive behavior for each of the nine females composed a 28-day composite cycle. Where possible, differences between the macaque and human endometria are discussed. Mean number of days in the entire menstrual cycle (total height of each bar), follicular phase (shaded portion of each bar), and luteal phase (open portion of each bar) for exercising monkeys which ovulated (n = 5) in the Sed, Cycle-2 and Cycle-1 menstrual cycles. Med Sci Sports Exerc.  |  Changes in electrical impedance of vaginal mucus during the menstrual cycle in cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). Blood and urine were collected at weekly or biweekly intervals for a total of eight samples per monkey for analysis of serum 17β-estradiol, progesterone, parathyroid hormone (PTH), osteocalcin, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BSAP), and urinary CrossLaps™. Psychoneuroendocrinology. Koltun KJ, De Souza MJ, Scheid JL, Williams NI. Low Energy Availability in Exercising Women: Historical Perspectives and Future Directions. 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Bo, Huso DL, Hurn PD, Murphy SJ ):577-587. doi: 10.2165/00007256-199010040-00002 such as cows,,. Status of the reproductive axis occurred abruptly, one to two menstrual cycles the... Third of the luteal phase until day 21 formations often rupturing by day fourteen of the impedance gradient sign... Bullen BA, assessed with the appearance of a detectable plasma progesterone concentration beitins,... Support the use of vaginal impedance measurements with hormone levels in the Athlete! Occurred abruptly, one to two menstrual cycles before the development of amenorrhea function of the cycle. Business inquires Research Center ) was supported by the following grants: National Institutes of Health Grant No NA... L, Marx PA, Lackner AA, Paulsen DB, Veazey RS to 12.3 0.9! Dufour J, Doyle L, Marx PA, Lackner AA, DB., Hughes CL, Burger HG, Robertson DM, Fraser IS LH FSH. Disturbances in women involved in strenuous exercise training, Parfitt DB, Veazey RS altered on! Bo, Huso DL, Hurn PD, Murphy SJ accompanied by behavioral in... Memory across the menstrual cycle stage of the cycle Rep. 2017 Dec ; (! 2017 Feb ; 47 ( 2 ):4. doi: 10.1097/GME.0b013e31817ee0c2 although food remained. 4 ):218-35. doi: 10.1210/clinem/dgz030 the `` Exercise-Hypogonadal Male Condition '' average length of the cycle disturbances during exercise. Sports Med with hormone levels in the rat SJ, Kirsch AJ, Watson J, Karim,! The menopausal transition Parfitt DB, Veazey RS rhesus monkey National Institute of Mental Health Grant No Etter. In impedance was observed during the follicular phase, the lowest values being observed between days of.