Arctic ecosystem services threatened by climate change and other human activities. A 35-year trend in arctic sea ice melt season length, in days per decade, from passive microwave satellite observations, illustrating that the sea ice season has shortened by more than 60 days in coastal … Ecosystem services in the Arctic are important economically, environmentally and culturally. The other main thrust is to identify the opportunities in existing policies and co-management arrangements for adaptation strategies to help communities deal with changing conditions. These services benefit Arctic residents directly, providing food and material benefits as well as supporting indigenous cultures, including language. The Arctic Council has developed a framework for implementing an ecosystem approach to management. increasingglobalinterestintheregionmeansthatthisisnolongeran Arctic-only issue. Similarly, environmental practitioners might assess that the project would have a negligible impact … Moreover, Arctic wetlands are globally important, through their role as bird habitats and migration pathways, and linkages with climate regulation and other global ecosystem functions. Governance of Arctic Ecosystem Services This report chapter explains that the importance of, the scarcity of, and the wide range of benefits from ecosystem services must be communicated to private and public decision-makers by means of laws, regulations, financial incentives and … Red indicates declines in services, green increases in services, while white indicates lack of knowledge. Why It Matters. Researchers from the University of Iceland and University of Vermont recently published their study "Ecosystem services in the Arctic: a thematic review" in early 2019. The climate of the Arctic parklands varies from the extreme continental interior Alaska (Gates of the Arctic National Park & Preserve) to the more maritime coastal areas of the parks bordering the Chukchi Sea (Bering Land Bridge National Preserve and Cape Krusenstern National Monument). Governance of Arctic Ecosystem Services This report chapter explains that the importance of, the scarcity of, and the wide range of benefits from ecosystem services must be communicated to private and public decision-makers by means of laws, regulations, financial incentives and … valuation, the results of which can be communicated to decision-ma- The study concludes that more primary studies of Arctic ES are needed on all of the main themes as well as governance initiatives to move Arctic ES research from theory to practice. The study identifies many themes […] Adaptation in a Changing Arctic: Ecosystem Services, Communities and Policy Project Leader Barry Smit (University of Guelph) ... information about community use of these ecosystem services. Feb 27, 2019 The first study to evaluate all of the Arctic ecosystem services to date was recently published in the Journal of Ecosystem Services. Potential catch limits for Antarctic krill The study identifies many themes in Arctic ecosystems and research opportunities. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Download, print, and color illustrations of marine ecosystems and animals. The other main thrust is to identify the opportunities in existing policies and co-management Ecosystem services can benefit people in many ways, either directly or as inputs into the production of other goods and services. These are commonly classified into provisioning, regulating and cultural services. Arctic Ocean Ecosystem: Home Abiotic Factors Biotic Factors Predator-Prey Relationship Example Parasite-Host Relationship Example Producer-Consumer-Decomposer Food Web Bibliography Food Web. SEARCH activities are supported by a collaborative grant from the National Science Foundation Division of Polar Programs, Arctic Sciences Section to the International Arctic Research Center (IARC; PLR-1331100 ) and the Arctic Research Consortium of the US (ARCUS; PLR-1331083). First systematic review of literature on ecosystem services in the Arctic. The ES framework may offer a means to clarify the trade-offs between tourism and other resource utilization activities. The Arctic ecosystem has a unique, complex food web that is fashioned by its distinctive plankton, animal species, and environmental factors. You must have JavaScript enabled to utilize the full functionality of this website. H2020-EU.3.5.1. ACAP is an Arctic Council Working Group that works to reduce emissions of pollutants into the environment. To this end, the Arctic … The study presents the first systematic review of the existing literature on Arctic ES. The Arctic Is an Ecosystem As you look down from outer space, through the solar winds generated by the outpourings of the sun gusting to 200 km per minute, through the -200o C ozone depleted stratosphere, through the boundary layer at 3 km between the upper and lower Ecosystem service valuations and examination of synergies and trade-offs are increasing. The Milne Ice Shelf is seen before its collapse last summer. Funded under. Many people in the Arctic … Fact Sheet ; Fact Sheet ; Project Information . On the other hand, a range of Arctic businesses and companies … This conclusion is in line with the general lack of comprehensive information for the whole of the Arctic, and reflects the findings of the ecosystem services chapter of the ABA. Arctic biodiversity is a site for information on status and trends of the Arctic's living resources. services . Applying the Search, Appraisal, Synthesis and Analysis (SALSA) and snowballing methods and three selection criteria, 33 publications were sourced, including peer-reviewed articles, policy papers and scientific reports, and their content synthesised using the thematic analysis method. Key Messages This project provides insights into how Arctic UArctic International Secretariatc/o University of LaplandP.O. In the context of the Arctic Council this means comprehensive and integrated management of human activities based on the best available scientific, traditional and local knowledge about the ecosystem. Resource Library | Article Resource Library Article Arctic Ecosystem Arctic Ecosystem Coloring Page. Shifting functions • 33 publications and five main themes identified in the meta-synthesis. Arctic Ecosystem Services: Interviews from Norway, Russia, Alaska..(and Canada) Vera Helene Hausner Associate Professor ….and the tundra team . Back. Addressing ecosystem services, however, focuses the assessment on reindeer populations in specific hunting grounds and how changes would affect hunters and their families. that applied the concept of ecosystem services in an Arctic context between 2005 and 2018. Next. 33 publications and five main themes identified in the meta-synthesis. The study presents the first systematic review of the existing literature on Arctic ES. Download Citation | On Jan 1, 2015, Macias-Fauria M. and others published Chapter 2. SEARCH activities are supported by a collaborative grant from the National Science Foundation Division of Polar Programs, Arctic Sciences Section to the International Arctic Research Center (IARC; PLR-1331100 ) and the Arctic Research Consortium of the US (ARCUS; PLR-1331083). 1997). Shedding Light on Arctic Marine Ecosystem Services | Field Report. Abstract. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. In the context of the Arctic Council this means comprehensive and integrated management of human activities based on the best available scientific, traditional and local knowledge about the ecosystem. The report will examine cases on identification and management of ecosystem services for Arctic wetlands in the context of various projects for the development of territories, i.e. Carbon also cycles through the web from atmosphere to seawater and back. These services benefit Arctic residents directly, providing food and material benefits as well as supporting indigenous cultures, including language. PES arrangements have, in recent years, been on the rise due to increased interest from the public agencies, businesses, and non-profit organizations in addressing particular environmental issues. Box 12296101 RovaniemiFINLAND. View tools and web portals to analyze Arctic changes. New Research on Arctic Ecosystem Services. Changes in wildlife habitats likely will also affect trophic cascades, ecosystem function, and ecosystem services; of particular significance are the projected declines in habitats of most small mammals that form the prey base for mesocarnivores and raptors, and habitat declines in 25 of the 50 bird and mammal species used for subsistence hunting and trapping. Malinauskaite-et-al.-2019-PUBLISHED-VERSION (003).pdf, New Research on Arctic Ecosystem Services. Researchers from the University of Iceland and University of Vermont recently published their study "Ecosystem services in the Arctic: a thematic review" in early 2019. Arctic ecosystem services threatened by climate change and other human activities. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Ecosystem services in the Arctic: a thematic review. Even though ES are discussed in most publications as being relevant for policy, there are few practical examples of its direct application to management. As the Arctic thaws, this critical, climate-stabilizing ecosystem service is being lost. Five key themes were identified: (1) general discussion of Arctic ES, (2) Arctic social-ecological systems, (3) ES valuation, (4) ES synergies and/or trade-offs, and (5) integrating the ES perspective into management. Furthermore, the application of stakeholder management methods will be used as an approach’s basis. Managing Arctic marine ecosystems. How is permafrost degradation affecting ecosystem services? Landscape or 'territorial' metabolism: an industrial ecology approach underpinned by economic input-output analysis and material flow (Mateo Cordier, UVSQ, 12 h lecture + practical on a case-study). The published study is available here. ECOTIP . Researchers from the University of Iceland and University of Vermont recently published their study "Ecosystem services in the Arctic: a thematic review" in early 2019.. Definition of ecosystem services Ecosystem services are the benefits provided to humans through the transformations of resources (or environmental assets, including land, water, vegetation and atmosphere) into a flow of essential goods and services e.g. Measuring changes in ecosystem services depends on both ecosystem functions and human well-being Ecosystems Human well-Ecosystem being . The first study to evaluate all of the Arctic ecosystem services to date was recently published in the Journal of Ecosystem Services. This module involves students conducting a partial replication of a paper from the peer reviewed journal, Ecosystem Services, that involves estimating the total economic value of ecosystem services in the arctic. Ecosystem services, outputs, conditions, or processes of natural systems that directly or indirectly benefit humans or enhance social welfare. Arctic ecosystem services. Pacific Arctic ecosystems are undergoing dramatic changes because of warmer ocean water, a multidisciplinary team of scientists reported in the journal Nature Climate Change. The meta-synthesis of the literature reveals that the ES concept is increasingly being applied in the Arctic context in all five themes, but there remain large knowledge gaps concerning mapping, assessment, economic valuation, analysis of synergies, trade-offs, and underlying mechanisms, and the social effects of ES changes. Ecosystem services in the Arctic are important economically, environmentally and culturally. The Arctic Council has developed a framework for implementing an ecosystem approach to management. However, literature connecting the ES concept, especially its practical applications to Arctic policy-making, is still scarce. Sentinel North International PhD School | July 12-24, 2018 . Arctic Data Ecosystem Map (DRAFT) The objective of this activity is to establishing a map of the arctic data management “ecosystem” or “universe”. Ecosystem services are the benefits that mankind obtains from natural ecosystems. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Ecosystem services in the Arctic: a thematic review. Payment for ecosystem services (PES) is a suite of economic tools developed to reward entities and individuals for the conservation of ecosystem services. Late-season Arctic research cruise reveals warm ocean temperatures, active ecosystem. © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. We would like to make you aware of the call for papers for the joint AMAP, EU-PolarNet and ICES Session on “Arctic Ecosystem Services: Challenges and Opportunities“, which is Theme Session P of the ICES Annual Science Conference, taking place 19th - 23rd September 2016 in Riga, Latvia. by University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science This paper provides a first attempt to monetize the cost of some of those lost services. Ecosystem services in the Arctic: a thematic review. It encourages Arctic State governments to take remedial and preventive actions relating to contaminants and other releases of pollutants. Record wildfires, dwindling sea ice and ecosystem disruptions all point to the rapid change besetting the region Warwick Vincent, a biology professor at Laval University who has worked in the Arctic for more than two decades, say such dramatic changes point to the need for greater protection for parts of the Arctic that will be the last to hold on to sea ice as the world warms. The University of the Arctic (UArctic) is a cooperative network of universities, colleges, research institutes and other organizations concerned with education and research in and about the North. Since 2000, the Arctic has warmed more than twice as fast as the rest of the planet, the report says. Managing Arctic marine ecosystems. Grant agreement ID: 869383 . Applying the Search, Appraisal, Synthesis and Analysis (SALSA) and snowballing methods and three selection criteria, 33 publications were sourced, including peer-reviewed articles, policy papers and scientific reports, and their content synthesised using the thematic analysis method. Ecosystem Services: How the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) Program can help Aevar Petersen Icelandic Institute of Natural History Reykjavik, Iceland. Ecosystem services from Arctic marine biodiversity Expected impacts of climate change. Resources include reports and publications. Start date 1 June 2020. Adaptation in a Changing Arctic: Ecosystem Services, Communities and Policy Summary Project Leader Smit, Barry This project documents the changing physical, biological and socio-economic conditions that are affecting people in the Arctic and identifies policies and strategies to assist communities in dealing with these changes. Emily McKenzie jointly with Katherine Wyatt: Understanding Ecosystem Services and a Changing Climate for Sustainable Decision Making in the Arctic … How is permafrost degradation affecting ecosystem services? CICERO > CO 2 from Arctic soil The Resilience Alliance is a collaborating partner. An analysis of thresholds affecting Arctic ecosystem services and the ability of ecosystems and society to adapt or transform. Access maps and map services related to changes in the Arctic. Home. Led by the Stockholm Environment Institute and the Stockholm Resilience Centre. Classification also includes habitat services, referencing the importance of ecosystems in providing habitats for species and protecting genetic diversity. It provides understanding of how ecosystem processes are regulated by abiotic and biotic factors, such as nutrient availability, the Arctic climate and plant-soil-organism interactions and its relationship to the ecosystem function. Pictures; The first study to evaluate all of the Arctic ecosystem services to date was recently published in the Journal of Ecosystem Services. Alaska’s shoreline is 44,000 miles long, more than double the length of the East and West coasts combined, providing a diversity of habitats for marine life and supporting important ecosystem services for Alaska’s communities and economy. Through cooperation in education, research and outreach we enhance human capacity in the North, promote viable communities and sustainable economies, and forge global partnerships. Fact Sheet. Painstakingly accomplished on google drive . The course provides extended knowledge of processes across Arctic and Subarctic terrestrial ecosystems. Ecosystem-Based Management in the Arctic Ocean: A Multi-Level Spatial Approach ROBERT SIRON,1 KENNETH SHERMAN,2 HEIN RUNE SKJOLDAL3 and ELIZABETH HILTZ4 (Received 26 June 2007; accepted in revised form 11 January 2008) ABSTRACT. Discover new content about the various Arctic systems . Arctic biodiversity change and its consequences: Assessing, monitoring and predicting the effects of ecosystem tipping cascades on marine ecosystem services and dependent human systems. Ecosystem-based management (EBM) first requires the identification of spatial units capturing the ecosystem structure and functions. of ecosystem service to analyse tourism experiences is far less common. Researchers from the University of Iceland and University of Vermont recently published their study "Ecosystem services in the Arctic: a thematic review" in early 2019. Three Signs a ‘New Arctic’ Is Emerging. The first study to evaluate all of the Arctic ecosystem services to date was recently published in the Journal of Ecosystem Services. Phytoplankton and algae take up carbon dioxide from seawater and transform it into the organic carbon of their tissue. In the Arctic region, many current and emerging business... Identifying interdependencies and opportunities. Our focus is predominantly on the cultural ecosystem services (CES), which we use to ascertain how visitors to Lofoten perceive and judge key elements of the tourism experience. Business and ecosystem services Taking responsibility to prevent negative impacts. These include provisioning of fishery products, nutrient cycling, climate regulation and the maintenance of biodiversity, with associated cultural and aesthetic benefits. Wed, Feb 27, 2019. The second edition of the Sentinel North International Ph.D School sets its course towards Baffin Bay in Nunavut, Canada. The nature of boreal and Arctic ecosystems is often profoundly influenced by climate, especially weather. The study identifies many themes in Arctic ecosystems and research opportunities. Valuation of Arctic ecosystem services. The study presents the first systematic review of the existing literature on Arctic ES. clean air, water, and food (Constanza et al. industrial, scientific, recreational and environmental. The notion of ecosystem services, with its perspective focused on the benefits derived from human-ecosystem interactions, provides a platform for examining the impacts of changes that are taking place in the Arctic. Abstract. UArctic builds and strengthens collective resources and collaborative infrastructure that enables member institutions to better serve their constituents and their regions. Large Marine Ecosystem (LMEs) of the Arctic area - Revison of the Arctic LME Map, 15th of May 2013. Red indicates declines in services, green increases in services, while white indicates lack of knowledge. • Ecosystem service valuations … Researchers from the University of Iceland and University of Vermont recently published their study “Ecosystem services in the Arctic: a thematic review” in early 2019. Ecosystem services: Direct and indirect contributions of ecosystems and biodiversity to human well-being. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2019.100898. Polar ecosystem, complex of living organisms in polar regions such as polar barrens and tundra.. Polar barrens and tundra are found at high latitudes on land surfaces not covered by perpetual ice and snow. Sustainable poverty alleviation from coastal ecosystem services (SPACES). This is both a concept map indicating projects, services and relationships as well as a geographic map indicating location (in a future iterations). The site contains conclusions from the projects and activities of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF), the biodiversity working group of the Arctic Council. Large knowledge gaps and lack of adoption of ES concept in Arctic sustainable development policy. These areas lying beyond the tree line comprise more than 10 percent of the Earth’s land surface. Systematic conclusions on Arctic ecosystem services and their status and trends cannot yet be made based on the data gathered in the scoping study. Here we identify the key services provided by the Southern Ocean. AECO’s new Animated Guidelines which allow visitors to the Arctic to educate themselves about safe, environmentally-friendly and considerate behavior has proven to be particularly successful.” For the expedition cruise industry, protection of Arctic ecosystem services and biodiversity relies upon communication and research. Degrading permafrost is making life in Arctic communities more challenging because 7ishing and hunting, access to drinking water, and travel via trails and rivers (i.e., ecosystem services) are becoming less reliable or predictable. information about community use of these ecosystem services. Practical work on the monitoring of ecosystem services in the context of agricuture on the Saclay Plateau (Paris area; 6h). The concept of the Ecosystem Approach to management (EA) has been around for at least 30 years and has been extensively discussed, elaborated and developed. Putting the ES concept into practice often implies carrying out an ES. Ecosystem services from Arctic marine biodiversity Expected impacts of climate change. End date 31 May 2024. Students gather original data from a select number of sources used by the author and then calculate the annual value of the arctic in an Excel spreadsheet. Wetlands constitute a large part of the Arctic and their role for sustainable development is critical, as they are directly related to climate change and adaptation, biodiversity, ecosystem services, and the livelihood of indigenous and local peoples. • First systematic review of literature on ecosystem services in the Arctic. 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Food and material benefits as well as supporting indigenous cultures, including language services related to changes in services., print, and color illustrations of marine ecosystems and biodiversity to human well-being review!